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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of schistosomiasis across selected factors among preschool aged children

From: Prevalence and risk factors of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases among preschool aged children (1–5 years) in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Variable Schistosome infection Chi-square test Multivariate logistic regression
Positive Negative Total (n = 442) P-value aOR (95% CI)
Children’s gender Male 10 222 232 0.990
Female 9 201 210   
Children’s age 1-year-old 0 21 21 0.225
2-year-old 0 36 36   
3-year-old 2 74 76   
4-year-old 9 120 129   
5-year-old 8 172 180   
Caregivers’ age group 15–24 years 2 103 105 0.001 0.09 (0.02–0.54) a
25–34 years 4 170 174   0.11 (0.03–0.49) a
35–44 years 3 82 85   0.20 (0.04–0.99) a
45–54 years 3 41 44   0.31 (0.06–1.57)
>  55 years 7 27 34   1
Caregivers’ education No formal education 4 61 65 0.119
Primary school 8 95 103   
Secondary school 7 251 258   
College level 0 16 16   
Caregivers’ occupation Not working 16 356 372 0.728
Self employed 1 38 39   
Employed 2 29 31   
Main source of domestic household water Tap water 7 288 295 0.005 0.26 (0.09–0.78) a
Open source water 12 135 147   1
How often does your child swim in the river Never 11 296 307 0.100
Sometimes 2 69 71   
Regularly 3 19 22   
All the time 3 39 42   
Do you sometimes bath your child in river water Yes 11 30 41 0.001 17.44 (5.96–51.04) b
No 8 393 401   1
How often does your child accompany you when performing daily chores Never 9 264 264 0.563
Sometimes 4 91 91   
Regularly 3 39 39   
All the time 3 48 48   
How often do you treat fresh river water meant for bathing your child Never 9 197 206 0.999
Sometimes 4 88 92   
Regularly 2 43 45   
All the time 4 95 99   
  1. a aOR P-value < 0.05; b aOR P-value < 0.01