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Table 2 Onchocerciasis endemic countries and their shared cross-border locations (Source: [126])

From: Reaching the last mile: main challenges relating to and recommendations to accelerate onchocerciasis elimination in Africa

Country Shared cross-border endemic location with
Angola DRC
Benin Togo, Nigeria, Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso Mali, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger
Cameroon Nigeria, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, CAR
CAR Cameroon, Chad, South Sudan
Chad Cameroon, CAR, South Sudan
Congo-Brazzaville Cameroon, Gabon, DRC
Cote d’Ivoire Liberia, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali
DRC Uganda, Angola, CAR, Congo, South Sudan, Zambia
Equatorial Guinea Cameroon, Gabon
Ethiopia Sudan, South Sudan
Gabon Cameroon, Congo
Ghana Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo
Guinea Guinea Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia
Guinea Bissau Senegal, Guinea
Kenya South Sudan , Tanzania
Liberia Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire
Malawi Mozambique
Mali Senegal, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Benin, Niger
Mozambique Malawi, Tanzania
Nigeria Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger
Niger Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Chad, Mali
Senegal Guinea-Bissau, Guinea
Sierra Leone Guinea, Liberia
South Sudan Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan
Sudan Ethiopia, South Sudan
Togo Benin, Ghana, Burkina Faso
Tanzania Mozambique, Burundi, Kenya
Uganda DRC, South Sudan
  1. CAR Central Africa Republic, DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo