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Table 2 Control and elimination targets of NTDs in the People’s Republic of China and at the global level

From: Neglected tropical diseases in the People’s Republic of China: progress towards elimination

Infection Global goal by 2020 Situation in the People’s Republic of China
   Current stage 2020 goals Strategy
Bacterial
 Leprosy Global elimination Transmission control Case no. decreased by 50% compared to 2010; Prevalence decreased to less than 1/100 000 in almost all counties (98%); Type 2 disability < 20% in new cases Integrated strategy through early detection and regular treatment, surveillance, information, education, and communication (IEC) and prevention of disability
 Trachoma Global elimination Elimination as a public health problem in 2015 Surveillance, information, education, and communication (IEC)
Viral
 Dengue Control and surveillance systems in all regions; Case number reduced by >  25% and deaths by 50% compared to 2009–2010 baseline Infection control No Surveillance; vector control
 Rabies Regional elimination in Southeast Asia and Western Pacific in 2020 Transmission control Achievement of the national control (the indicators in human beings is unclear) Multiple measures including surveillance and response; dog immunization (>  90% of registered dogs) and strengthening of diagnostic capacity
Protozoal
 Leishmaniasis Regional elimination of visceral leishmaniasis in Indian subcontinent Transmission control Burden strongly decreased Provision of long-lasting insecticidal nets, vector elimination and the control of transmission sources in areas with dogs, staff training for early detection, treatment, and surveillance
Helminth
 Echinococcosis Validated strategy available and interventions scaled up in selected countries Morbidity control The prevalence decreased to < 1% in humans and < 5% in domestic dogs in > 70% endemic counties Integrated strategy including control of transmission sources and management of intermediate hosts, detection and treatment of human cases
 Food-borne trematodiasis Preventive chemotherapy achieved for 75% of all populations at risk; morbidity controlled in all endemic countries Morbidity control Prevalence decreased by 30% in major endemic areas compared to that in 2015 Integrated strategy, including information, education, and communication (IEC) and control of transmission sources (such measures as water supply and improvement of sanitation, environmental changes, behaviour change and chemotherapy)
 Lymphatic filariasis Global elimination Eliminated as public health problem in 2007 Surveillance
 Schistosomiasis Regional elimination in Southeast Asia and selected countries in Africa Transmission control National elimination by 2030 Integrated strategy, especially control of transmission source
 Soil-transmitted helminth infection 75% of pre-school and school-aged children in need of treatment regularly treated; 75% coverage achieved in pre-school and school-aged children in all countries Infection control The prevalence decreases by 20% in major endemic areas compared to that in 2015 Integrated strategy including information, education, and communication (IEC) and control of transmission sources (such measures as water supply and improvement of sanitation, environmental changes, behaviour change, and chemotherapy)
Taenia solium taeniasis and cysticercosis Interventions scaled up in selected countries for control and elimination Infection control Validated control strategy for high endemic areas and elimination strategy for low endemic areas Integrated strategy including information, education, and communication (IEC), detection and treatment of cases, improvement of sanitation and provision of water in highly endemic areas and establishment of surveillance in other areas
  1. NTDs Neglected tropical diseases