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Table 2 Disease and treatment characteristics of tuberculosis patients diagnosed through active case finding (ACF) and passive case finding (PCF), Nepal, 2018

From: The role of active case finding in reducing patient incurred catastrophic costs for tuberculosis in Nepal

CharacteristicsACF
n = 50
PCF
n = 49
All
n = 100
P-value a
Treatment statusn (%)n (%)n (%) 
 New42 (84)40 (82)82 (82)0.755
 Retreatment/Relapse8 (16)9 (18)17 (17)
HIV Status b
 Not tested8 (16)4 (8)12 (12)0.485
 Negative39 (78)40 (83)79 (79)
 Unknown3 (6)4 (8)7 (7)
Number of patients with reported hospitalization
 Pre-treatment4 (8)10 (20)14 (14)0.099
 Intensive phase01 (2)1 (1)
Total number of visits to health providers, pre-diagnosis cN = 114N = 133N = 247
Type of service visited, pre-diagnosis
 TB camps8 (7)08 (3)0.031
 Cross border service d01 (1)1 (0.5)
 Pharmacy/Herbalist5 (4)5 (4)10 (4)
 Private clinic/hospital42 (37)55 (41)97 (39)
 Public health facility59 (52)72 (54)131 (53)
Total number of visits to health providers, intensive phase cN = 61N = 64N = 125
Type of service visited, intensive phase
 No health facility14 (23)21 (33)35 (28)0.102
 Private clinic/hospital7 (11)13 (20)20 (16)
 Public health facility40 (66)30 (47)70 (56)
Average number of visits to health providersMean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD) 
 Health facility visits – pre-treatment2.3 (1.1)2.6 (1.6)2.5 (1.4)0.380
 Health facility visits – intensive phase0.9 (0.9)0.9 (0.9)c0.9 (0.9)0.500
 Follow-up visits - Intensive phase0.2 (0.6)0.4 (1.0)0.3 (0.7)0.026
Average number of days hospitalised
 Pre-treatment5.3 (3.8)8.1 (7.0)7.5 (6.4)0.638
Average number of weeks between 1st TB symptoms and treatment initiation8.4 (8.0)8.8 (11.3)8.6 (9.8)0.931
  1. a Two-sample Wilcoxon rank-sum (Mann-Whitney) test and Chi square
  2. b There is one missing data in HIV status
  3. c Patients can have more than one visit to different health facilities
  4. d Patient crossed the border to visit a health facility in India