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Table 3 Income changes and social consequences of tuberculosis in patients diagnosed through active case finding (ACF) and passive case finding (PCF), Nepal, 2018

From: The role of active case finding in reducing patient incurred catastrophic costs for tuberculosis in Nepal

ItemACF
n = 50
PCF
n = 49
All
n = 100
P-value a
Income (USD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD) 
 Individual income prior TB79 (88)70 (83)80 (85)0.602
 Household income prior TB196 (111)182 (184)189 (151)0.052
 Current individual incomeb20 (44)18 (37)19 (40)0.951
 Current household incomeb123 (101)113 (174)118 (142)0.080
Working hours per week
 Prior TB31 (28)29 (29)30 (29)0. 584
 Currentb5 (11)4 (11)4 (11)0. 643
Catastrophic costs
 Intensity c61 (53)88 (172)76 (132)0.6713
 N (%)N (%)N (%) 
 Prevalence d20 (45)24 (61)44 (53)0.143
Employment status prior TB
 Unemployed2 (4)5 (10)7 (7)0.475
 Formal paid work4 (8)7 (14)11 (11)
 Informal paid work24 (48)17 (34)41 (41)
 Housework15 (30)13 (26)28 (28)
 Others5 (10)8 (16)13 (13)
Current employment status b
 Unemployed13 (26)18 (36)31 (31)0.310
 Formal paid work2 (4)2 (2)
 Informal paid work5 (10)2 (4)7 (7)
 Housework29 (58)23 (46)52 (52)
 Others3 (6)5 (10)8 (8)
Poverty headcount e
 Before TB5 (10)6 (12)11 (11)0.749
 Currentb13 (26)16 (32)29 (29)0.509
Dissaving strategies b
 Loan14 (28)22 (44)36 (36)0.096
 Sale of assets4 (8)5 (10)9 (9)0.727
Social impact b
 Food insecurity13 (26)13 (26)26 (26)1
 Loss job2 (4)4 (8)6 (6)0.400
 Interrupted schooling4 (8)2 (4)6 (6)0.400
 Social exclusion10 (20)7 (14)17 (17)0.424
 Others4 (8)1 (2)5 (5)0.169
Financial impactb
 Much poorer1 (2)10 (20)11 (11)0.016
 Poorer26 (52)22 (44)48 (48)
 Unchanged23 (46)18 (36)41 (41)
  1. a Chi square
  2. b Intensive phase
  3. c Intensity of catastrophic costs measured as median-positive overshoot beyond the 20% threshold
  4. d Percentage of patients with total costs > 20% of annual family income (WHO)
  5. e Number of families living with an annual income per capita below NPR 12000 (2011 prices) (http://www.thepovertyline.net/nepal