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Table 1 Types of potential mosquito breeding habitats and their positivity in irrigated and non-irrigated areas, in and around Arjo-Dedessa sugar development site, southwest Ethiopia (2017–2018)

From: Effects of environmental modification on the diversity and positivity of anopheline mosquito aquatic habitats at Arjo-Dedessa irrigation development site, Southwest Ethiopia

SitesHabitat typeNumber of habitat surveyedPositive for anopheline n (%)Positive for anopheline & culicine n (%)Positive for anopheline alone n (%)Positive for culicine alone n (%)
Irrigated areaRain pool4626 (56.5)21 (45.3)5 (11.2)15 (32.6)
Swamp2313 (56.5)10 (43.5)3 (13.0)6 (26.1)
Stream shoreline1911 (58.0)10 (52.6)1 (5.3)7 (36.8)
Tire track/road puddle1914 (73.7)10 (52.6)4 (21.1)3 (15.8)
Spring seepage167 (43.8)4 (25.0)3 (18.8)5 (31.3)
Hippo trench134 (30.8)3 (23.1)1 (7.7)8 (61.5)
Animal foot print107 (70.0)5 (50.0)2 (20.0)1 (10.0)
Earth bottom irrigation canals145 (35.7)5 (35.7)-8 (57.2)
Drainage ditch41 (25.0)1 (25.0)-2 (50.0)
Man-made pools76 (85.7)5 (71.4)1 (14.3)1 (14.3)
Pit3---3 (100.0)
Farm ditch22 (100.0)1 (50.0)1 (50.0)-
Water container1---1 (100.0)
Rice puddle11 (100.0)1 (100.0)--
Non-irrigated areaSwamp6032 (52.5)29 (47.5)3 (4.9)19 (31.1)
Rain-pool298 (27.6)6 (20.7)2 (6.9)9 (31.0)
Stream shoreline127 (58.3)6 (50.0)1 (8.3)2 (16.7)
Animal foot print114 (36.4)3 (27.3)1 (9.1)1 (9.1)
Spring seepage81 (12.5)-1 (12.5)4 (50.0)
Man-made pools53 (60.0)2 (40.0)1 (20.0)2 (40.0)
Farm ditch3---2 (66.7)
Pit2---1 (50.0)
Rock pool1---1 (100.0)
Drainage ditch100-1 (100.0)
Tire track/road puddle2----
Rice puddle4----
  1. -: Not applicable