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Table 5 Mean attitude score regarding schistosomiasis in the two villages

From: Elimination of schistosomiasis requires multifactorial diagnostics: evidence from high- and low-prevalence areas in the Nile Delta, Egypt

Attitude ScaleEbiana
N = 639
El-Rouse
N = 377
t value
Perceived danger of using canals’ water
 Despite the presence of public tap water, people still use canals2.731.8816.26*
 Despite having clean water indoors, people still use canals2.282.2611.26*
 People claim that they are used to handle canal’s water, and they had never been infected2.552.570.39
 Belief that just washing cloths and utensils in canals, doesn’t cause bilharziasis2.842.922.80*
 Belief that irrigating land bare-footed doesn’t cause bilharziasis2.832.954.55*
 Belief that swimming in canals once/twice doesn’t cause bilharziasis2.872.953.23*
 Belief that just washing hands, legs or ablution in canals doesn’t cause bilharziasis2.272.853.43*
Subtotal score (out of 21)19.3318.395.51
Perceived severity of bilharziasis
 Belief that bilharziasis is not a serious infection with potentially grave symptoms2.992.980.99
 Belief that bilharziasis should not make you seriously worried2.842.922.48*
 Belief that bilharziasis does not seriously affect person’s work capacity2.952.960.52
Subtotal score (out of 9)8.788.861.87
Perceived benefits of treatment and avoiding canals’ water
 Belief that you would never be infected if you had never used canal water2.032.599.22
 Belief that avoiding urination and defecation in streams will prevent bilharziasis2.812.881.95
 Belief that medicine from the Health center can cure bilharziasis3.002.963.49*
 Belief that that repeated urine and stool examination is important2.972.991.54
 Belief that there is no need for treatment because you are going to be infected again2.972.991.54
Subtotal score (out of 15)13.7914.417.97*
Overall mean total score ± SD(out of 45)41.89 ± 3.4341.60 ± 2.831.1
  1. *P < 0.005
  2. SD Standard deviation