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Table 1 Baseline demographic, environmental and socioeconomic characteristics of the study population in rural Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Effect of household water treatment with chlorine on diarrhea among children under the age of five years in rural areas of Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia: a cluster randomized controlled trial

VariablesControl
n (%)
Intervention
n (%)
P-value
No. of clusters44 
No. of households202203 
No. of under-five children202203 
Mean family size per household5.764.24 
Median age of under-five children38 (IQR: 32–48)18 (IQR: 12–26) 
Median age of mothers28 (IQR: 25–30)32 (IQR: 30–36) 
Child gender
 Male101 (50.0)103 (50.7)0.882
 Female101 (50.0)100 (49.3)
Breastfeeding status
 Not breastfed38 (18.8)25 (12.3)0.071
 Breastfed164 (81.2)178 (87.7)
Mother’s educational status
 No formal education176 (87.1)94 (46.3)0.000
 Primary and above26 (12.9)109 (53.7)
Latrine availability
 No170 (84.2)84 (41.4)0.000
 Yes32 (15.8)119 (58.6)
Availability of soap in the home
 No160 (79.2)173 (85.2)0.113
 Yes42 (20.8)30 (14.8)
Refuse disposal facility available
 No162 (80.2)171 (84.2)0.288
 Yes40 (19.8)32 (15.8)
Water source
 Unimproved6 (3.0)56 (27.6)0.000
 Improved196 (97.0)147 (72.4)
Water storage container
 Wide mouth44 (21. 8)40 (19.7)0.606
 Narrow mouth158 (78.2)163 (80.3)
Own watch
 No185 (91.6)191 (94.1)0.328
 Yes17 (8.4)12 (5.9)
Own television
 No191 (94.6)182 (89.7)0.068
 Yes11 (5. 5)21 (10.3)
Two week prevalence of diarrhea
 No153 (75.7)153 (75.4)0.930
 Yes49 (24.3)50 (24.6)