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Table 2 Comparison of cost for clinical management of COVID-19 patients stratified by various demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 in Shandong, China: a cost and affordability analysis

Characteristics Cost per casea
(USD, Mean ± SD)
P value
Sex   0.966
 Male 6637 ± 7040  
 Female 7165 ± 7847  
Age group (years)   0.002
 0–34 2752 ± 2016  
 35–69 6850 ± 7339  
 70– 11 668 ± 8584  
Residence   0.280
 Rural 8052 ± 8458  
 Urban 5905 ± 6221  
Pre-existing disease   < 0.001
 No 3619 ± 3243  
 Yes 9525 ± 8592  
Severity   < 0.001
 Mild 4552 ± 4831  
 Severe 11 058 ± 9329  
 Critically ill 16 652 ± 8506  
  1. aUSD US dollar; SD standard deviation