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Table 2 Laboratory findings of patients with COVID-19

From: Abnormal immunity of non-survivors with COVID-19: predictors for mortality

  Normal Range Total (539) No-survivor (125) Survivor (414) P value
WBC (× 109/L) 3.5–9.5 5.41 (4.1–7.59) 7.85 (4.74–12.01) 5.07 (3.96–6.76) < 0.001
Neutrophils (× 109/L) 1.8–6.3 3.54 (2.42–5.72) 6.41 (3.77–10.97) 3.08 (2.29–4.63) < 0.001
Lymphocytes (×  109/L) 1.1–3.2 1.04 (0.76–1.5) 0.69 (0.42–0.93) 1.20 (0.88–1.63) < 0.001
Haemoglobin (g/L) 115–150 126 (115–138) 127 (113.5–139.5) 126 (116–137) 0.761
Platelets (× 109/L) 125–350 205 (151–261) 172 (118–235) 211 (163–271) < 0.001
CRP (mg/L) 0–10 16.9 (5–61.3) 70.5 (39.95–133.5) 7.2 (5–37.95) < 0.001
PCT (ng/mL) < 0.1 0.07 (0.04–0.25) 0.21 (0.11–0.95) 0.06 (0.03–0.12) < 0.001
CD3+ T cells (cells/μl) 723–2737 667 (356–1010) 277 (163.5–430) 814 (516–1088) < 0.001
CD4+ T cells (cells/μl) 404–1612 392 (200–586) 172 (99.5–267.5) 473 (291–657.75) < 0.001
CD8+ T cells (cells/μl) 220–1129 221 (104–366) 84 (39.5–155.5) 262.5 (163–405.25) < 0.001
CD19+T cells (cells/μl) 80–616 132 (82–202) 88 (52–151) 141 (96–219) < 0.001
CD16+ 56+ T cells (cells/μl) 84–724 114 (70–190) 79 (39–144) 128.5 (79–210) < 0.001
IgG (g/L) 7.0–16.0 12.2 (10.3–14.6) 13.30 (10.75–16.95) 11.95 (10.18–13.93) < 0.001
IgM (g/L) 0.4–2.3 0.95 (0.70–1.3) 0.94 (0.70–1.26) 0.95 (0.69–1.31) 0.658
IgA (g/L) 0.7–4.0 2.26 (1.74–3) 2.54 (1.81–3.46) 2.21 (1.73–2.89) 0.012
IgE (IU/ml) < 100 52.3 (18.3–133) 71.30 (30.2–214.5) 42.25 (18.3–120) < 0.001
C3 (g/L) 0.9–1.8 0.97 (0.82–1.1) 0.89 (0.74–1.04) 0.99 (0.84–1.13) < 0.001
C4 (g/L) 0.1–0.4 0.241 (0.18–0.32) 0.22 (0.159–0.30) 0.24 (0.19–0.32) 0.001
Oximetry saturation (%) 95–100 97 (92–98) 90 (83–94) 97 (95–98) < 0.001
Lactate (mmol/L) 0.5–1.5 2 (1.5–2.53) 2.40 (1.9–3.65) 1.90 (1.43–2.38) < 0.001
  1. Data are median (IQR). WBC White blood cell, CRP C-reactive protein, PCT Procalcitonin, Ig immunoglobulins, C Complement proteins. P values were calculated by Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test, or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. Statistical significance was determined at P<0.05