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Table 2 Porposed learning activities to be part of the co-designed curriculum

From: Fostering social innovation and building adaptive capacity for dengue control in Cambodia: a case study

Project vector control interventions Specific vector control activities Educational activities Learning objective Hands-on practice
A. Vector Control A1. Traps 1. Mosquito traps construction 1. Learning how autocidal gravid trap work 1. Visual representation of the autocidal gravid ovitraps (AGO) and its functioning, illustration of mosquito behavior
2. Procedure to make locally and cheaply the AGO
2. Mosquito trap distribution 1. Learning how to make, distribute and monitor autocidal traps in schools and households 1. Design and illustrate the “AGO value chain” from the supply of the trap to its distribution
2. hands-on practice for distributing traps in schools and households
A2. Solid waste management and environmental assessment 3. Life skills: the 3Rs 1. Life skills: Learning the basic 3Rs: reduce, reuse, recycle. Learning how we can reduce the use of single use plastic containers 1. Visual description of 3Rs
2. Applications/example to real life of students
4. Life skills: waste management 1. Life skills: co-design simple sustainable waste management strategies in schools and households to reduce plastic containers and mosquito breeding habitats 1. School and household premise exploration and problems identification (when and why are waste produced?
2. Visit of landfill/recycling factory
3. School and household plan for waste reduction and safe disposal
5. Container cover 1. Learn what containers are good breeding site for mosquitoes
2. Learn why these containers are used and what alternatives could be proposed
1. School and household surveys to list containers types and functions
2. Develop mitigation measures including cover types and cover check up surveys
6. Vector Habitat modification 1. Learn how to identify various mosquito breeding habitats and how to reduce their occurrence 1. Visit of school premises and identification of breeding sites Define solutions with student to reduce breeding site (e.g. fill up ditches)
A3. Biocontrol 7. Guppy life cycle 1. Learning what are guppies, how they live and what they eat?
2. Learning how to take care and become responsible
1. Rearing experiment and observationDrawing of guppy life cycle
8. Other biocontrol agents 1. Learning what other organism could also help reducing mosquito abundance
2. Learning how to design simple “research”(what to ask, who to ask and where to find the information
1. Interviews with fishermen and elders in the community
2. Web search
9. Food chain 1. Learning the interrelations of living organisms
2. Learning basic experimental design
1. Food chain observations during nature walk (simple observation: herbivores, carnivores)
2. Guppy-mosquito predator prey experiments
10. Guppy bank 1. Learning how to rear and take care of guppies
2. Become responsible and learning how to manage guppy banks
3. Learning how to engage with community members
1. Set up of guppy bank
2. Set up a monitoring/caring system (e.g. every week different student take care of the guppies)
3. Community engagement through school-based guppy distribution
B. Surveillance B1. Vector Data collection and mapping 11. Mosquito collection 1. Learning how to collect adult mosquitoes from traps and larvae and pupae from containers
2. Learning how to identify mosquitoes
3. Learning basic data collection methods
1. Trap monitoring for adult mosquito counting and identification
2. Container screening for larvae and pupae collection and identification as well as mosquito life cycle experiment
12. Mosquito breeding habitat mapping 1. Learning how to use GPS
2. Learning how to create a map by hand and by using google map
1. School and household transect walk and identification of breeding sites as well as use of GPS
2. Google map sessions
B2. Mosquito ecology and Identification 13. Mosquito ecology and rapid ID diagnostic 1. Learning basic mosquito features
2. Learning mosquitoes life cycle
3. Learning about mosquito ecology
4. Learning how to identify main vector sp.
1. Design of biology sessions with observations/dissection and drawing
2. Mosquitoes, rearing experiments, identification
C. Communication C1. Basic communication skills 14. Communication best practices 1. Learning basic communication principles
2. Learning how to use online resources and softwares to help with communication
1. Role playing games
2. Interactive online sessions
C2. Dengue awareness campaign 15. Design dengue awareness material 1. Learning how to summarize Dengue knowledge
2. Learning how to create communication material
1. Creation of videos, posters and games
2. Creating a Youtube channel a in remote rural areas.
3. Organization of science fair activities and community campaigns