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Table 3 The demographic characteristics (percentage) of internal migrants in China from 2011 to 2017

From: Spatial inequality, characteristics of internal migration, and pulmonary tuberculosis in China, 2011–2017: a spatial analysis

Characteristics 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Gender        
Male 53.16 53.09 53.69 58.55 53.06 52.12 51.69
Female 46.84 46.91 46.31 41.45 46.94 47.88 48.31
Marital status        
Married 77.49 76.21 76.43 76.11 78.87 80.46 84.05
Otherwise 22.51 23.79 23.57 23.89 21.13 19.54 15.95
Educational attainment        
Primary school or below 16.5 16.08 14.87 13.89 15.21 14.7 17.04
Middle school 55.02 53.39 54.19 52.7 50.49 47.01 43.66
High school 15.09 15.18 15.42 20.55 21.74 22.3 21.9
College degree or above 13.39 15.37 15.53 12.85 12.56 15.99 17.4
Monthly income, RMB        
 < 3000 36.43 26.12 19.51 15.3 10.64 8.8 15.16
3000–5000 37.8 36.53 35.09 33.39 30.42 26.79 30.26
5000–7000 16.07 21.78 25.89 27.44 29.01 29.14 21.2
 > 7000 9.71 15.57 19.51 23.87 29.93 35.27 33.38
Medical insurance        
Urban basic health insurance 8.07 10.76 19.89 14.19 27.14 24.89 11.67
New rural cooperative medical insurance 54.75 60.48 60.09 60.1 66.12 63.18 63.29
Othetwise 37.18 28.76 20.02 15.05 6.74 11.93 25.04
Types of migration        
Between provinces 50.62 56.46 52.08 50.96 49.88 49.07 49.29
Between municipal jurisdictions within province 31.22 27.91 28.78 30.33 30.34 33.58 32.95
Within municipal jurisdiction 18.16 15.64 19.14 18.71 19.76 17.35 17.76
Type of household        
Rural 84.84 84.29 85.34 84.14 83.59 82.16 77.98
Other 15.16 15.71 14.66 15.86 16.41 17.84 22.02
Reason of migration        
Working or doing business None None 88.54 88.13 84.39 83.6 83.61
Others None None 11.46 11.87 15.61 16.4 16.39
N 128 000 158 556 198 795 200 937 206 000 169 000 169 989