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Table 3 Origin, travel history, and malaria positivity among febrile patients consulting at Kobeni health centre in Hodh Elgharbi region, south-eastern Mauritania, during 2015–2017

From: Malaria epidemiology in Kobeni department, southeastern Mauritania from 2015 to 2017

 Number (%) of patientsa
FebrilePCR-positive
Originn = 2281n = 1361
 From Kobeni commune1535 (67.3)899 (66.1)
 From outside Kobeni746 (32.7)462 (33.9)
Travel historyn = 102n = 53
 External travelb31 (30.4)18 (34.0)
 Internal travelc71 (69.6)35 (66.0)
No travel history outside Kobeni department (commune of residence)n = 2179n = 1308
 Kobeni city1464 (67.3)d864 (59.0)e
 Gougui Zemmal168 (7.7)d102 (60.7)e
 El Hassi245 (11.2)d150 (61.2)e
 Medbougou221 (10.1)d147 (66.5)e
 Leghlig29 (1.3)d13 (44.8)e
 El Voulaniya46 (2.1)d29 (63.0)e
 Timizine6 (0.3)d3 (50.0)e
  1. aPCR was performed in 2281 febrile patients
  2. bFrom Côte d’Ivoire, Republic of Congo, Mali, or Senegal (3/18 of PCR-confirmed malaria patients were Malians arriving from Mali)
  3. cinternal travel refers to patients who had travelled to malaria endemic zones in southern Mauritania or to the northern zone where P. vivax is known to be endemic (Nouakchott and Atar)
  4. dPercentages of febrile cases without any travel history in each commune (denominator, 2179)
  5. eMalaria infection rate in each commune, defined as the number of PCR-positive malaria cases among febrile cases in each commune