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Table 2 Maternal and child characteristics in the study population

From: Levels of vaccination coverage among HIV-exposed children in China: a retrospective study

Variables Total N = 10 033 HIV status P-valuea
HEU PHIV Unknown
N (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex 0.028
 Male 5168 (51.5) 4864 (51.8) 136 (44.4) 168 (49.3)  
 Female 4865 (48.5) 4522 (48.2) 170 (55.6) 173 (50.7)  
Birth weight (g) 0.030
  < 2500 1261 (12.6) 1161 (12.4) 38 (12.4) 62 (18.2)  
   2500‒4000 8607 (85.8) 8073 (86.0) 258 (84.3) 276 (80.9)  
    > 4000 165 (1.6) 152 (1.6) 10 (3.3) 3 (0.9)  
EID  < 0.001
   Yes 8994 (89.6) 8680 (92.5) 295 (96.4) 19 (5.6)  
   No 1039 (10.4) 706 (7.5) 11 (3.6) 322 (94.4)  
HIV-related diseases  < 0.001
   No 8329 (83.0) 7995 (85.2) 174 (56.9) 160 (46.9)  
   Yes 1704 (17.0) 1391 (14.8) 132 (43.1) 181 (53.1)  
HIV-related symptoms  < 0.001
   No 8870 (88.4) 8500 (90.6) 199 (65.0) 171 (50.1)  
  Yes 1163 (11.6) 886 (9.4) 107 (35.0) 170 (49.9)  
Survival status  < 0.001
   Live 9730 (97.0) 9285 (98.9) 235 (76.8) 210 (61.6)  
   Dead 303 (3.0) 101 (1.1) 71 (23.2) 131 (38.4)  
Maternal age (years) 0.022
  < 20 345 (3.5) 314 (3.3) 10 (3.3) 21 (6.2)  
   20‒34 7819 (77.9) 7329 (78.1) 227 (74.2) 263 (77.1)  
    ≥ 35 1869 (18.6) 1743 (18.6) 69 (22.5) 57 (16.7)  
Ethnicity 0.006
  Han 4963 (49.5) 4676 (49.8) 125 (40.8) 162 (47.5)  
  Minority 5070 (50.5) 4710 (50.2) 181 (59.2) 179 (52.5)  
Marital status 0.017
   Single 730 (7.3) 665 (7.1) 29 (9.5) 36 (10.6)  
   Married/cohabitated 9303 (92.7) 8721 (92.9) 277 (90.5) 305 (89.4)  
Education  < 0.001
   Primary or lower 4255 (42.4) 3936 (41.9) 160 (52.3) 159 (46.6)  
   Middle school 4897 (48.8) 4617 (49.2) 128 (41.8) 152 (44.6)  
   College or above 700 (7.0) 674 (7.2%) 12 (3.9) 14 (4.1)  
   Unknown 181 (1.8) 159 (1.7) 6 (2.0) 16 (4.7)  
Occupation 0.083
   Farmer 5628 (56.1) 5295 (56.4) 165 (53.9) 168 (49.3)  
   Housewife/unemployed 2678 (26.7) 2488 (26.5) 89 (29.1) 101 (29.6)  
   Others 1727 (17.2) 1603 (17.1) 52 (17.0) 72 (21.1)  
Parity 0.086
   1 1981 (19.8) 1829 (19.5) 67 (21.9) 85 (24.9)  
   2–3 5610 (55.9) 5259 (56.0) 165 (53.9) 186 (54.6)  
    > 3 2442 (24.3) 2298 (24.5) 74 (24.2) 70 (20.5)  
  1. EID early infant diagnosis, HEU HIV-exposed uninfected, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, N number of children, n: number of children with the characteristic, PHIV perinatally acquired HIV, children perinatally infected with HIV from mothers
  2. aChi-square test
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