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Table 6 Crude odds of vaccination factors among HIV-exposed children

From: Levels of vaccination coverage among HIV-exposed children in China: a retrospective study

Variable BCG Polio3 DTP3 HepB3 MCV
cOR (95% CI) P-valuea cOR (95% CI) P-valuea cOR (95% CI) P-valuea cOR (95% CI) P-valuea cOR (95% CI) P-valuea
Sex
 Male 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Female 1.04 (0.96‒1.12) 0.384 1.06 (0.98‒1.15) 0.152 1.00 (0.93‒1.09) 0.905 1.07 (0.96‒1.19) 0.221 1.05 (0.97‒1.14) 0.189
EID
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 2.40 (2.08‒2.76)  < 0.001 3.42 (2.95‒3.97)  < 0.001 3.87 (3.34‒4.48)  < 0.001 5.38 (4.66‒6.20)  < 0.001 3.32 (2.85‒3.87)  < 0.001
HIV-related diseases
 Yes 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 No 0.97 (0.87‒1.08) 0.570 0.97 (0.87‒1.08) 0.608 1.04 (0.93‒1.15) 0.529 1.78 (1.56‒2.03)  < 0.001 0.91 (0.82‒1.02) 0.094
HIV-related symptoms
 Yes 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 No 1.19 (1.05‒1.35) 0.008 1.37 (1.21‒1.56)  < 0.001 1.54 (1.36‒1.75)  < 0.001 2.66 (2.31‒3.07)  < 0.001 1.24 (1.09‒1.40) 0.001
Survival status
 Dead 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Live 9.07 (6.33‒13.01)  < 0.001 49.46 (23.33‒104.84)  < 0.001 42.45 (22.55‒79.91)  < 0.001 54.22 (37.18‒79.07)  < 0.001 30.03 (15.96‒56.53)  < 0.001
Birth weight (g)
  < 2500 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
  2500–4000 1.01 (0.90‒1.14) 0.814 0.97 (0.86‒1.09) 0.571 0.91 (0.80‒1.03) 0.125 1.13 (0.97‒1.33) 0.125 0.99 (0.88‒1.12) 0.882
  > 4000 1.35 (0.97‒1.88) 0.078 0.97 (0.70‒1.35) 0.879 0.80 (0.58‒1.11) 0.188 1.08 (0.69‒1.69) 0.728 1.24 (0.89‒1.72) 0.202
HIV status
 PHIV 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 HEU 3.09 (2.40‒3.97)  < 0.001 4.60 (3.50‒6.06)  < 0.001 3.87 (3.01‒4.97)  < 0.001 6.02 (4.77‒7.60)  < 0.001 4.67 (3.51‒6.21)  < 0.001
 Unknown 0.83 (0.57‒1.21) 0.330 0.55 (0.35‒0.87) 0.010 0.44 (0.29‒0.67)  < 0.001 0.24 (0.17‒0.35)  < 0.001 0.61 (0.39‒0.97) 0.038
Maternal age (years)
  < 20 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 20‒34 0.86 (0.69‒1.07) 0.178 0.90 (0.72‒1.12) 0.356 0.95 (0.76‒1.18) 0.636 1.08 (0.80‒1.45) 0.620 0.83 (0.67‒1.03) 0.097
  ≥ 35 0.83 (0.66‒1.05) 0.119 0.92 (0.73‒1.17) 0.508 0.99 (0.78‒1.26) 0.937 1.01 (0.74‒1.38) 0.946 0.81 (0.64‒1.02) 0.074
Ethnicity
 Minority 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Han 2.60 (2.40‒2.82)  < 0.001 2.19 (2.02‒2.38)  < 0.001 2.62 (2.41‒2.84)  < 0.001 1.79 (1.60‒2.01)  < 0.001 2.16 (2.00‒2.34)  < 0.001
Marital status
 Married/Cohabitated 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Single 1.25 (1.07‒1.46) 0.004 1.32 (1.13‒1.55)  < 0.001 1.48 (1.26‒1.74)  < 0.001 0.99 (0.80‒1.22) 0.941 1.19 (1.02‒1.38) 0.029
Education
 Primary or lower 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Middle school 2.36 (2.17‒2.57)  < 0.001 2.43 (2.23‒2.64)  < 0.001 3.05 (2.80‒3.33)  < 0.001 2.02 (1.80‒2.27)  < 0.001 2.22 (2.04‒2.41)  < 0.001
 College or above 2.50 (2.12‒2.96)  < 0.001 3.06 (2.58‒3.64)  < 0.001 4.04 (3.36‒4.87)  < 0.001 2.29 (1.78‒2.97)  < 0.001 2.36 (2.00‒2.79)  < 0.001
 Unknown 2.94 (2.12‒4.09)  < 0.001 1.78 (1.30‒2.43)  < 0.001 2.23 (1.62‒3.09)  < 0.001 0.98 (0.67‒1.43) 0.92 1.78 (1.30‒2.43)  < 0.001
Occupation
 Farmers 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Housewife/unemployed 1.64 (1.50‒1.81)  < 0.001 1.75 (1.59‒1.93)  < 0.001 2.27 (2.05‒2.50)  < 0.001 1.47 (1.29‒1.68)  < 0.001 1.69 (1.54‒1.86)  < 0.001
 Others 1.75 (1.57‒1.96)  < 0.001 1.75 (1.57‒1.96)  < 0.001 2.09 (1.86‒2.35)  < 0.001 1.38 (1.18‒1.61)  < 0.001 1.56 (1.40‒1.75)  < 0.001
Parity
  1 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
  2 0.97 (0.88‒1.08) 0.576 1.03 (0.93‒1.14) 0.600 1.08 (0.97‒1.20) 0.141 1.01 (0.88‒1.17) 0.851 1.03 (0.92‒1.14) 0.640
  > 3 1.00 (0.89‒1.13) 0.992 1.10 (0.97‒1.24) 0.139 1.17 (1.04‒1.33) 0.010 1.12 (0.95‒1.33) 0.170 1.09 (0.97‒1.23) 0.166
  1. BCG Bacillus-Calmette-Guérin, CI confidence interval, cOR crude odds ratio, DTP diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-containing, EID early infant diagnosis, HEU HIV-exposed uninfected, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, HepB hepatitis B, MCV measles-containing vaccine, PHIV perinatally acquired HIV, children perinatally infected with HIV from mothers
  2. aUnivariate logistic regression
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