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Table 1 Schistosoma mansoni infection and associated morbidity in the four villages where the eight patients resided in 2017 (n = 164)

From: Patients with severe schistosomiasis mansoni in Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Characteristics n %
Gender   
 Females 87 53.0
 Males 77 47.0
Age categories (years)   
 6–9 32 19.5
 10–14 40 24.4
 15–19 19 11.6
 20–29 17 10.4
 30–39 22 13.4
 ≥ 40 34 20.7
Body mass index (kg/m2—categories)
 Overweight (≥ 25.0) 10 6.1
 Normal weight (18.5–24.9) 62 37.8
 Underweight (< 18.5) 92 56.1
S. mansoni infection
 Kato-Katz test 118 72.0
 POC-CCA test 129 78.7
 KK + POC-CCA* 142 86.6
Infection intensity (KK only)
 Negative 46 28.0
 Light 51 31.1
 Moderate 41 25.0
 Heavy 26 15.9
Clinical findings   
 Diarrhea 56 34.2
 Blood in stool 56 34.2
 Abdominal pain 98 59.8
Ultrasound findings
 Hepatomegaly 51 31.1
 Splenomegaly 69 42.1
 Ascites 4 2.4
 Pattern A 47 28.7
 Pattern B 14 8.5
 Pattern C 61 37.2
 Pattern D 18 11.0
 Pattern E 13 7.9
 Pattern F 11 6.7
  1. *KK + POC-CCA, combined any positive result (by Kato-Katz and/or by point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen [POC-CCA]); KK only, only Kato-Katz test results taken into account (at least one egg in at least one of two smears). Liver patterns associated with schistosomiasis: A normal; B starry sky; C rings and pipe-stems; D ruff around portal bifurcation; E patches; F bird’s claw
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