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Table 2 Suitable range of micro-environmental factors for Oncomelania hupensis survival and reproduction

From: Impact of micro-environmental factors on survival, reproduction and distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snails

Factors Suitable range Reference
Water level (flood duration) 4–5 months [23]
2–7 months [24]
24 m (3 months)–25 m (4 months) [20]
130–160 days [18]
pH 6.6–7.0 [4]
5.5–7.0 [11]
5.6–7.9a [17]
Soil temperature 16–19 °C [22]
16–20 °C [21]
23–24 °C [4]
24–29 °C [11]
15–30 °C [19]
Soil humidity 0.2–0.3% (m3/m3) [22]
59–69% [4]
20–60% [19]
60–80% [11]
28–38% [25]
Vegetation coverage 16–32% (Carex spp.) [22]
80–90% (herb community) [26]
60–100% (herb community) [27]
35–90% (weed) [27]
35–95% (Carex spp. and Triarrhena lutarioriparia community) [27]
1–100% (Phragmites communis) [27]
Vegetation height 80–157 cm (Triarrhena lutarioriparia) [22]
16–20 cm (herb community) [26]
20–50 cm (herb community) [27]
15–47 cm (weed) [27]
20–33 cm (Carex spp. and Triarrhena lutarioriparia community) [27]
72–78 cm (Phragmites communis) [27]
  1. aOncomelania hupensis quadrasi, the other subspecies were not specified