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Table 1 Socio-economic and demographic characteristics of participants by sex

From: Key Chagas disease missing knowledge among at-risk population in Spain affecting diagnosis and treatment

  Male Female P-value
n = 159 % n = 217 %  
Age, years
 18–24 15 9.4 14 6.5  
 25–34 47 29.5 48 22.1  
 35–44 56 35.2 87 40.1  
 45–54 27 17.0 46 21.2  
 55–64 11 6.9 12 5.5  
 > 65 3 1.9 10 4.6 0.241
Education
 Primary school or less 38 23.9 59 27.2  
 Secondary school or more 121 76.1 158 72.8 0.471
Bolivian department
 Cochabambaa 57 35.8 96 44.2  
 Santa Cruza 68 42.8 82 37.8  
 La Paz 18 11.3 17 7.8  
 Potosi 5 3.1 4 1.8  
 Chuquisacaa 4 2.5 5 2.3  
 Oruro 3 1.9 4 1.8  
 Beni 1 0.6 6 2.8  
 Tarijaa 3 1.9 2 0.9  
 Pando 0 0.0 1 0.5 0.469
Departments according to Chagas disease prevalence
 Non-endemic department 27 17.0 32 14.8  
 Endemic department 132 83.0 185 85.3 0.327
Area      
 Rural 42 26.4 58 26.7  
 Urban 117 73.6 159 73.3 0.521
Madrid district
 Less than 10% of Bolivian population 57 35.8 75 34.6  
 More than 10% of Bolivian population 102 64.2 142 65.4 0.440
Are you currently working?
 No 53 33.3 66 30.4  
 Yes 106 66.7 151 69.6 0.548
Jobs
 Professionals, managers and technicians 5 4.7 7 4.6  
 Services and sales 29 27.4 43 28.5  
 Manual jobs 72 67.9 103 68.2 0.911
Household income
 None 5 3.1 7 3.2  
 < EUR 1000 51 32.1 103 47.5  
 EUR 1001–2000 81 50.9 86 39.6  
 > EUR 2000 17 10.7 13 6.0  
 Don't know 5 3.1 8 3.7 0.032
Public Health Insurance card
 No 24 15.1 25 11.5  
 Yes 135 84.9 192 88.5 0.309
Received information about Chagas disease in Spain
 No 121 76.1 151 69.6  
 Yes 38 23.9 66 30.4 0.163
Tested for Chagas disease
 No 96 60.4 114 52.5  
 Yes 63 39.6 103 47.5 0.130
  1. aDepartments where Chagas disease is endemic in Bolivia