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Table 6 Socio-demographic, malaria prevention, biological features and pfhrp2 gene deletion

From: Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum isolates lacking the histidine rich protein 2 gene among symptomatic malaria patients in Kwilu Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Characteristic pfhrp2 gene deleted pfhrp2 gene non-deleted P-value
n % Median IQR n % Median IQR
Sex (n = 487)          
 Female 27 9.8    248 90.2    0.640
 Male 18 8.5    194 91.5   
Health Zone (n = 491)          
 Bandundu 19 15.7    102 84.3    0.012
 Kikwit-Nord 17 6.2    259 93.8   
 Kikwit-Sud 9 9.6    85 90.4   
Age in years (n = 488)    18 4.9–30    7 2.9–19 0.019*
 < 5 12 6.3    179 93.7    0.079
 > 5 33 11.1    264 88.9   
Household size (n = 491)    7 6–8    6 5–8 0.388*
Mosquito breeding sites (n = 491)          
 Absent 8 14.0    49 86.0    0.217
 Present 37 8.5    397 91.5   
LLIN ownership (n = 491)          
 No 16 9.0    161 91.0     > 0.999
 Yes 29 9.2    285 90.8   
LLIN utilization (n = 491) 24 9.5    228 90.5    0.876
 No 21 8.8    218 91.2   
 Yes          
Prior drug intake (n = 491)          
 No 29 9.0    295 91.0    0.869
 Yes 16 9.6    151 90.4   
Microscopy (n = 491)          
 Negative 33 11.1    265 88.9    0.079
 Positive 12 6.2    181 93.8   
Parasite density (n = 491)    4680 264–14 800    1200 112–8080 0.3771*
Clinical features (n = 491)          
 Temperature at admission (°C)    37.5 36.4–38.6    37.8 37–38 0.345*
 History of fever 34 8.4    371 91.6    0.217
 Headache 19 9.4    183 90.6    0.875
 Vomiting 11 6.6    156 93.4    0.187
 Rigor 5 4.4    108 95.6    0.061
 Fatigue 9 8.3    99 91.7    0.851
 Abdominal pain 5 4.8    100 95.2    0.087
 Joint pain 3 7.7    36 92.3    1.000
 Anorexia 3 9.4    29 90.6    1.000
  1. Kruskal Wallis test (*) has been used to compare distributions for continuous variables (parasite density, age, and household size), Fischer exact test has been used for categorical variables
  2. Pfhrp2: Plasmodium falciparum Histidin Rich Protein 2 gene, IQR Inter quartile range, LLIN Long lasting insecticidal net