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Table 4 Levels of selected immunological indicators in HIV-infected individuals, stratified by parasitic infection status

From: HIV and intestinal parasite co-infections among a Chinese population: an immunological profile

  Without parasitic infection Only helminth infections Only B. hominis infection Only Cryptosporidium. spp. infection P-Value**
  (n = 56) x ¯ ± s (n = 5) x ¯ ± s (n = 8) x ¯ ± s (n = 7) x ¯ ± s  
CD4+ 520.3 ± 238.7 420.8 ± 262.1 668.0 ± 401.8 411.0 ± 141.5 0.2006
IL-2 82.6 ± 53.8 70.6 ± 65.8 121.3 ± 68.4 100.8 ± 69.4 0.2725
IL-4 23.6 ± 17.6 23.8 ± 22.1 28.6 ± 15.5 27.1 ± 14.0 0.8599
IL-10 22.2 ± 29.8 18.3 ± 7.0 19.0 ± 9.4 18.5 ± 12.8 0.9655
IFN-γ 12.5 ± 6.7 7.5 ± 5.7 12.4 ± 4.7 16.2 ± 11.4 0.3078
T* 0.4 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.2 0.4 ± 0.2 0.7041
  1. * T = IFN-γ/(IFN-γ + IL-4).
  2. **Dunnett t test was applied in paired comparison among groups and group 1 was the control group; P > 0.05.