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Table 3 Household direct payments for TB care in Nigeria, 2011

From: Household catastrophic payments for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants, and policy implications for universal health coverage

Source of direct cost Mean costs (± SD) in US$ Percentage of mean annual household income (%)
Patient pre-diagnosis 70 (±48.4) 6.2
Patient post-diagnosis 40 (±32.2) 3.6
DOTS-supporter 7 (± 6.5) 0.6
Coping cost 40 (±38.5) 3.6
Total 157 14
  1. US$ = United States dollar.
  2. Mean annual household income at TB diagnosis = US$1123.
  3. SD = Standard deviation.
  4. Note: Based on a currency exchange rate of 150 Nigeria Naira to US$1.00.