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Table 7 Determinants of catastrophic payments a for TB care, Nigeria, 2011

From: Household catastrophic payments for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants, and policy implications for universal health coverage

Variable Coeff Standard error P-value Odds ratio (95% CI)
Older age (>40 years) 1.368 0.35 <0.001 3.9 (2.0 – 7.8)
Male gender 1.11 0.28 <0.001 3.0 (1.8 – 5.2)
Urban residence 1.34 0.36 <0.001 3.8 (1.9 – 7.7)
Formal education 1.55 0.33 <0.001 4.7 (2.5 – 8.9)
Care at private facility 1.10 0.36 0.003 2.9 (1.5 – 5.9)
Poor patients 1.91 0.31 <0.001 6.7 (3.7 – 12.4)
Household primary earner (patient) 1.33 0.28 <0.001 3.8 (2.2 – 6.6)
HIV (positive) status 1.13 0.30 <0.001 3.1 (1.7 – 5.6)
Smear positive TB 0.10 0.35 0.77 1.1 (0.6 – 2.2)
Constant 2.11 0.52 <0.001  
  1. Coeff. = coefficient expressed in logits; CI = 95% confidence interval for the odds ratio, TB = tuberculosis, HIV = human immunodeficiency virus.