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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies

From: Impact of community-based interventions for the prevention and control of malaria on intervention coverage and health outcomes for the prevention and control of malaria

Study Study design Country Intervention Target population Integrated/Non-integrated
Abdulla 2001 [14] Pre-post Tanzania Social marketing about bed nets and ITNs through public and private outlets and door-to-door distribution Interventions for the general population and outcomes assessed in children under 2 years of age Non-integrated
Ahorlu 2009 [13] Pre-post Ghana Home delivered IPTc comprising of a single dose of amodiaquine (AQ) + artesunate (AS) over three days along with treatment of febrile illness Children 6–60 months of age Non-integrated
Ahorlu 2011 [12] Pre-post Ghana Home delivered IPTc comprising of a single dose of AQ + AS over three days along with treatment of febrile illness Children 6–60 months of age Non-integrated
Ayi 2010 [15] Quasi-experimental Ghana School-based malaria education delivered by teachers School children in grades 3–5 Non-integrated, school- based
Bojang 2011 [16] cRCT Gambia IPTc delivered by village health workers (VHW) comprising of a single dose of sulfadoxine (SP) + three doses of AQ versus delivery through reproductive and child health clinics Children < 6 years Non-integrated
Castro 2009 [17] Quasi-experimental Tanzania Environmental management through drain cleaning versus use of larvicide versus no intervention General population Non-integrated
D’Alessandro 1995 [16] cRCT Gambia Impregnated bed nets distribution General population Integrated with PHC and delivered through TBA
D’Alessandro 1995 [18] cRCT Gambia Impregnated bed nets distribution Children 1–4 years Integrated with PHC and delivered through TBA
D’Alessandro 1996 [19] cRCT Gambia Impregnated bed nets distribution Pregnant women Integrated with PHC and delivered through TBA
D’Alessandro 1997 [8] Case control Gambia Impregnated bed nets distribution Children 1–9 years of age Integrated with PHC and delivered through TBA
Dapeng 1996 [20] Pre-post China Insecticide spraying + ITNs General population Non-integrated
Delacollette 1996 [21] Quasi-experimental Zaire Educational messages + presumptive treatment with chloroquine (CQ) through CHWs versus routine treatment in a health facility General population Non-integrated
Eriksen 2010 [18] cRCT Tanzania Training of health workers and women leaders + presumptive malaria treatment with single dose SP versus routine facility care Children < 5 years Non-integrated
Ter Kuile 2003 [22] cRCT Kenya ITNs distribution versus no distribution Children < 36 months Non-integrated
Gies 2008 [23] Quasi-experimental Burkina Faso Community based promotion + IPTp with SP versus only IPTp with SP versus CQ Pregnant women Integrated with ANC
Grabowski 2005 [24] Pre-post Ghana ITNs distribution Children < 5 years Integrated with measles campaign
Grabowski 2005 [25] Pre-post Zambia ITNs distribution Children < 5 years Integrated with measles campaign
Greenwood 1989 [26] RCT Gambia IPTp with Maloprim fortnightly delivered through TBA Pregnant women Integrated with ANC delivered through TBA
Hawley 2003 [10] RCT Ghana Community education + ITNs distribution General population Non-integrated
Hightower 2010 [27] Pre-post Kenya Free distribution Pregnant women and children < 5 years Integrated with measles campaign
Kidane and Morrow, 2000 [28] RCT Ethiopia Mothers trained to provide presumptive treatment to children with CQ Children < 5 years Non-integrated
Kolaczinski 2010 [29] Quasi-experimental Uganda ITNs distribution campaign Pregnant women and children < 5 years Non-integrated
Krezanoski 2010 [30] cRCT Madagascar Distribution of redeemable coupons for ITNs General population Non-integrated
Kuile 2003 [31] RCT Kenya Distribution of ITNs versus no nets Intervention on general population while outcomes were assessed on children Non-integrated
Kweku 2009 [32] cRCT Ghana IPTc comprising of three doses of AQ + SP delivered by community volunteers versus delivery at outpatient facilities or EPI clinics Children < 5 years Non-integrated
Macintyre 2003 [33] RCT Kenya Use of impregnated bed sheets General population Non-integrated
Mbonye 2008 [34] Quasi-experimental Uganda IPTp with two doses of SP delivered through TBA shop vendors, community reproductive health workers and APMs Pregnant women Integrated with ANC through TBAs
Mbonye 2008 [35] Quasi-experimental Uganda IPTp with two doses of SP delivered through TBA shop vendors, community reproductive health workers and APMs Pregnant women Integrated with ANC through TBAs
Msyamboza 2008 [36] Quasi-experimental Malawi IPTp comprising threw doses of SP delivered through SP versus facility-based care Pregnant women Integrated with ANC
Noor 2007 [37] Pre-post Kenya ITNs delivered via the commercial sector versus ANC clinics versus mass distribution General population Non-integrated
Okabayashi 2006 [38] Pre-post Thailand School-based teacher training and manual formulation for children, school lectures, outdoor activities, and community awareness about malaria prevention School children from grades 3–5 School-based, non-integrated
Okeibunor 2011 [39] Quasi-experimental Nigeria Distribution of IPTp (SP) + ITNs through community volunteers Pregnant women Non-integrated
Rhee 2005 [40] Quasi-experimental Mali Community education + net impregnation services versus net impregnation alone General population Non-integrated
Schellenberg 2001 [41] Pre-post Tanzania Social marketing of ITNs + insecticides for ITNs through community shop keepers, religious leaders, and health workers with community sensitization General population Non-integrated
Sharma 2009 [42] RCT India Community group meeting for ITNs use and mass awareness + olyset nets versus untreated nets versus no nets General population Non-integrated
Skarbinski 2007 [43] Pre-post Tanzania ITNs distribution with a child health campaign including measles, vitamin A, and deworming Children < 5 years Integrated with child health campaign
Staedke 2009 [44] RCT Uganda Home-based presumptive treatment with artemether/lumefantrine versus clinic-based routine care Children 1–6 years Non-integrated
Tagbor 2011 [45] RCT Ghana Presumptive malaria treatment by community drug distributors (home based management) + IPTc with AS and AQ Children < 5 years Non-integrated
Terlouw 2010 [46] Pre-post Togo ITNs distribution with a child health campaign Children < 5 years Integrated with child health campaign
Thang 2009 [47] cRCT Vietnam Distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated hammocks General population Non-integrated
Thwing 2008 [48] Pre-post Niger ITNs distribution with polio immunization Children < 5 years Integrated with polio immunization
Wolkon 2010 [49] Pre-post Togo ITNs distribution with a deworming and vaccine campaign during child health week Children + outcomes in general population Integrated with child health days