Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean prominence scores of perceived causes reported by disease conditions, FHS-Non-traditional vs Traditional and FHS-Public vs Private

From: Socio-cultural features and help-seeking preferences for leprosy and tuberculosis: a cultural epidemiological study in a tribal district of Maharashtra, India

  Disease condition – Leprosy vs TB FHS - Non-traditional vs. Traditional FHS - Private vs. Public
Perceived Causes Leprosy (n = 100) TB (n = 50) p-value Non-traditional (n = 35) Traditional (n = 15) p-value Public (n = 91) Private (n = 59) p-value
Ingestion 0.69 2.88 <0.0001 1.36 1.93 0.178 1.01 2.05 0.015
 Food 0.10 0.64 0.001 0.27 0.40 0.187 0.22 0.37 0.122
 Water 0.33 0.36 0.908 0.36 0.20 0.967 0.35 0.32 0.862
 Smoking 0.06 0.64 <0.0001 0.25 0.27 0.597 0.14 0.42 0.006
 Alcohol 0.12 0.50 0.109 0.22 0.47 0.222 0.13 0.42 0.131
 Prescribe medicine 0.02 0.10 0.987 0.01 0.33 0.167 0.02 0.08 0.843
Health Illness or Injury 2.31 2.06 0.974 2.20 2.47 0.639 2.30 2.12 0.793
 Injury, accident, surgery 0.21 0.08 0.505 0.14 0.40 0.023 0.09 0.29 0.005
 Insect Bite (Mosquitoes, flies etc.) 0.09 0.02 0.375 0.07 0.07 0.586 0.09 0.03 0.751
 Physical exertion/work 0.39 0.32 0.612 0.38 0.27 0.922 0.35 0.39 0.161
 Blood problems 0.69 0.30 0.046 0.61 0.13 0.067 0.75 0.27 0.008
 Prior illness 0.09 0.14 0.985 0.10 0.13 0.220 0.13 0.07 0.776
 Neglect of prior illness 0.17 0.06 0.311 0.13 0.20 0.146 0.15 0.10 0.813
 Anatomical or physical problem 0.25 0.20 0.837 0.21 0.47 0.362 0.23 0.24 0.986
 Constitutional weakness 0.23 0.56 0.029 0.30 0.67 0.070 0.26 0.46 0.573
 Hereditary 0.15 0.24 0.064 0.19 0.07 0.811 0.19 0.17 0.469
 Mental Emotional Stress 0.04 0.14 0.296 0.07 0.07 0.815 0.05 0.10 0.933
Environmental 0.79 1.22 0.007 0.87 1.53 0.030 0.87 1.03 0.143
 Sanitation 0.19 0.06 0.185 0.16 0.00 0.160 0.19 0.08 0.463
 Personal Hygiene 0.03 0.12 0.029 0.06 0.07 0.909 0.02 0.12 0.015
 Germs or infection 0.24 0.32 0.126 0.24 0.47 0.565 0.23 0.32 0.363
 Heat-/Cold, humoral 0.15 0.24 0.315 0.14 0.53 0.020 0.15 0.22 0.402
 Climate or seasonal change 0.18 0.48 0.002 0.26 0.47 0.007 0.27 0.29 0.539
Traditional Cultural Supernatural 1.12 1.46 0.041 1.17 1.80 0.082 1.07 1.49 0.019
 Contamination/contact (ritual pollution) 0.01 0.00 0.480 0.01 0.00 0.739 0.01 0.00 0.421
 Sexual pollution 0.06 0.04 0.758 0.04 0.20 <0.0001 0.05 0.05 0.347
 Punishment for prior deed 0.18 0.34 0.001 0.21 0.40 0.114 0.20 0.29 0.039
 Demons, fate, God, stars, karma 0.35 0.82 0.006 0.50 0.53 0.452 0.37 0.71 0.013
 Evil eye, sorcery etc. 0.52 0.26 0.392 0.41 0.67 0.021 0.43 0.44 0.217
Contact-related 0.60 0.92 0.207 0.61 1.60 0.009 0.65 0.80 0.354
 Close contact with someone with the same problem 0.59 0.80 0.340 0.57 1.47 0.010 0.65 0.68 0.543
 Sexual contact 0.01 0.12 0.215 0.04 0.13 0.001 0.00 0.12 0.030
Miscellaneous 2.00 1.34 0.145 1.85 1.13 0.217 1.76 1.81 0.775
 Other 0.73 0.92 0.184 0.79 0.80 0.965 0.74 0.88 0.490
 Cannot say/no idea 1.27 0.42 0.009 1.06 0.33 0.134 1.02 0.93 0.827
  1. *Test applied – Mann–Whitney U test