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Table 1 Distribution of direct costs and incidence of catastrophic expenditure for TB, China 2012

From: Factors that determine catastrophic expenditure for tuberculosis care: a patient survey in China

Indicators Study locations All
Hanzhong Yichang Zhenjiang
Frequency 236 261 250 747
Average OOPa costs of TB care (US$)b     
Mean(SD.) 1139(2376) 847(1822) 1495(1801) 1156(1678)
Median(p25,p75) 478(398,875) 462(292,593) 876(477,2547) 637(318,1273)
Average annual household income (US$)     
Mean(SD.) 3540(4037) 4070(4287) 7236(6612) 4962(5358)
Median(p25,p75) 2389(796,4777) 3185(1455,5175) 6162(2002,10143) 3414(1269,6407)
Average annual household expenditure (US$)     
Mean(SD.) 3045(3140) 3613(3169) 4221(3888) 3641(3449)
Median(p25,p75) 2384(1194,3662) 3185(1393,4777) 3185(1592,5573) 3185(1560,4777)
Average capacity to pay (US$)c     
Mean(SD.) 2042(2839) 2494(2761) 2584(3210) 2384(2945)
Median(p25,p75) 1306(557,2433) 1911(804,3463) 1592(796,3184) 1592(716,3001)
OOP costs share of household income (%) 32.2 20.8 20.7 23.3
OOP costs share of capacity to pay (%) 55.8 34.0 57.9 48.5
Households with catastrophic expenditure (%)     
I = >10 % of household income 67.8 65.1 67.6 66.8
II = ≥40 % of capacity to pay 55.8 45.1 63.7 54.7
  1. Note: US$ = United States dollar
  2. a: OOP: out-of-pocket
  3. b: A currency exchange rate of Chinese RMB 628 Yuan to US$1 00 Yuan (at the end of 2012)
  4. c: Capacity to pay means that household expenditure minus food expenditure