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Table 1 Strategies and activities of INGOs providing CBTC in Myanmar, 2013–2014

From: International non-governmental organizations’ provision of community-based tuberculosis care for hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, 2013–2014

  INGO A INGO B INGO C INGO D
Target population Migrants and migrant-affected communities (rural/suburban) Hard-to-reach rural communities Rural communities including conflict areas with high numbers of refugees Rural and suburban migrant communities
No. of townships 7 6 2 8
Population size 1 434 504 726 519 869 743 1 432 463
Volunteer recruitment Using existing community structures (village leaders) to recruit outreach health workers who are trained in TB care Training of existing community health volunteers on TB Volunteer recruitment via township health departments Establishment of self-help groups: TB infected or affected people as volunteers
Volunteer support Salary-like incentives In-kind and minor financial incentives Performance-based payments Performance-based payments
Supervision of volunteers Township Township Township Township
TB awareness raising + + + +
TB case detection + + +a +
DOTS provision + + + +
HIV testing + - - -
Patient support +++ ++ ++ ++
Behavioral change activities Health education via radio, health education sessions in communities Health education sessions in communities Health education sessions in communities Health education sessions in communities
  1. aINGO C supports diagnostic facilities of township health departments in addition to provision of direct TB screening through decentralized screening centers and mobile clinics