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Table 3 Characteristics of Dog Ownership Practices by Community Poverty Level, Uganda, 2013

From: The impact of poverty on dog ownership and access to canine rabies vaccination: results from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey, Uganda 2013

  Community poverty level
Poverty classification 0–15% 16–35% 36–55% >55% Total Cochran P value
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Number of dogs 18 17 109 31 175  
Number of people 380 343 1 846 1 807 4 376  
Number of households 79 79 357 283 798  
Dog owning households 3 (3.8%) 10 (12.7%) 67 (18.8%) 23 (8.1%) 103 (12.9%)  
How Often Are Dogs Allowed to Roam Freely?       <0.01
 Always 0 (0.0%) 4 (23.5%) 38 (34.9%) 13 (41.9%) 55 (31.4%)  
 Occasionally 0 (0.0%) 3 (17.6%) 21 (19.3%) 2 (6.5%) 26 (14.9%)  
 Infrequently 11 (61.1%) 4 (23.5%) 26 (23.9%) 8 (25.8%) 49 (28.0%)  
 Never 0 (0.0%) 6 (35.3%) 24 (22.0%) 8 (25.8%) 38 (21.7%)  
 Unknown 7 (38.9%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 7 (4.0%)  
Number of dogs allowed to roam freely 11 (61.1%) 11 (64.7%) 85 (78.0%) 23 (74.2%) 130 (74.3%) 0.36
Level of care households provided for dogsa
 None 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (3.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.9%) 0.78
 Food 2 (66.7%) 9 (90.0%) 65 (97.0%) 22 (95.7%) 98 (95.1%) 0.10
 Water 2 (66.7%) 9 (90.0%) 55 (82.1%) 18 (78.3%) 84 (81.6%) 0.78
 Shelter 2 (66.7%) 6 (60.0%) 24 (35.8%) 7 (30.4%) 39 (37.9%) 0.28
 Veterinary Care 2 (66.7%) 9 (90.0%) 27 (40.3%) 7 (30.4%) 45 (43.7%) 0.01
Households with Unvaccinated Dogs 0 (0.0%) 3 (30.0%) 38 (56.7%) 13 (56.5%) 54 (52.4%) 0.11
Reason Owners did not Vaccinated Dogsb
 Dog is too young 0 (0.0%) 1 (33.3%) 7 (18.4%) 1 (7.7%) 9 (16.7%)  
 No time 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.6%) 2 (15.4%) 3 (5.6%)  
 No money to buy vaccine 0 (0.0%) 1 (33.3%) 4 (10.5%) 0 (0.0%) 5 (9.3%)  
 No vaccine available 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 20 (52.6%) 7 (53.8%) 27 (50.0%)  
 Government vaccination did not occur 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 7 (18.4%) 3 (23.1%) 10 (18.5%)  
 No need to vaccinate/Did not know needed to vax 0 (0.0%) 1 (33.3%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (15.4%) 3 (5.6%)  
 Unknown reason 0 (0.0%) 1 (33.3%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.9%)  
Households providing care to community dogs 2 (2.5%) 5 (6.3%) 44 (12.3%) 28 (9.9%) 79 (9.9%) 0.04
Number of community dogs cared for 11 12 205 111 339  
Level of care provided to community dogsb       
 Food 2 (2.5%) 4 (5.1%) 43 (12.0%) 29 (10.2%) 78 (9.8%)  
 Water 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.5%) 17 (4.8%) 10 (3.5%) 29 (3.6%)  
 Shelter 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.4%) 2 (0.3%)  
 Veterinary Care 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.1%)  
 Other 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) 1 (0.3%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.3%)  
  1. avariables are not mutually exclusive, therefore a Cochran p-value can be calculated for each row
  2. bcell values are too small to calculate a Cochran P value