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Table 5 Characteristics associated with canine vaccination rates by univariate and multivariable methods, Uganda 2013

From: The impact of poverty on dog ownership and access to canine rabies vaccination: results from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey, Uganda 2013

  Vaccinated Dogs n (%) Not Vaccinated n (%) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Demographic
 Household size 1–3 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0) Reference   
4–6 43 (64.2) 24 (35.8) 1.8 (0.7–4.7) 0.20
7–9 34 (53.1) 30 (46.9) 1.1 (0.4–3.0) 0.80
>9 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0) 1.0 (0.3–3.3) 1.00
 Village population density (km2) 0–100 30 (43.5) 39 (56.5) Reference   Reference
101–500 16 (39.0) 25 (61.0) 0.8 (0.4–1.8) 0.65 0.4 (0.1–1.1)
501–2 500 17 (81.0) 4 (19.0) 5.5 (1.7–18.1) <0.01 3.3 (0.8–13.2)
2 501 + 36 (81.8) 8 (18.2) 5.9 (2.4–14.1) <0.01 7.9 (2.5–24.8)
 Distance to urban center (km) >10 000 30 (39.5) 46 (60.5) Reference   
1–10 000 36 (63.2) 21 (36.8) 2.6 (1.3–5.3) <0.01
0 33 (78.6) 9 (21.4) 5.6 (2.4–13.4) <0.01
Economic
 Owned livestock value (USD) 0 24 (82.8) 5 (17.2) 6.4 (1.9–21.7) <0.01  
1–200 12 (42.9) 16 (57.1) Reference  
201–500 8 (42.1) 11 (57.9) 1.0 (0.3–3.2) 1.00
501–2 000 34 (50.8) 33 (49.2) 1.4 (0.6–3.3) 0.49
>2 000 21 (65.6) 11 (34.4) 2.5 (0.9–7.2) 0.08
 Home building material quality Low 3 (21.4) 11 (78.6) Reference   
Medium 25 (43.1) 33 (56.9) 2.8 (0.7–11.0) 0.13
High 71 (68.9) 32 (31.1) 8.1 (2.1–31.2) <0.01
 Village poverty level 0–15% 18 (100) 0 (0.0) 50.7 (2.8–917.2) <0.01  
16–35% 12 (70.6) 5 (29.4) 3.2 (0.9–11.8) 0.06
36–55% 56 (51.4) 53 (48.6) 1.5 (0.7–3.3) 0.36
56% + 13 (41.9) 18 (58.1) Reference  
Animal Care
 Care provided to owned dogs No care 11 (44.0) 14 (56.0) Reference   
Minimal 16 (39.0) 25 (61.0) 0.8 (0.3–2.3) 0.44
Moderate 40 (54.8) 33 (45.2) 1.5 (0.6–4.3) 0.24
High 32 (88.9) 4 (11.1) 10.2 (2.8–37.6) <0.01
 Dog Age (years 0–1 34 (38.6) 54 (61.4) Reference   Reference
>1–3 21 (70.0) 9 (30.0) 3.7 (1.5–9.0) <0.01 12.3 (4.0–38.2)
>3–5 23 (71.9) 9 (28.1) 4.1 (1.7–9.8) <0.01 8.5 (2.8–25.6)
>5 21 (84.0) 4 (16.0) 8.3 (2.6–26.4) <0.01 16.9 (4.2–67.6)
 Dog Confinement Never 24 (43.6) 31 (56.4) Reference   Reference
Rarely Confined 14 (53.9) 12 (46.1) 1.5 (0.6–3.9) 0.2 1.2 (0.3–4.4)
Frequently Confined 31 (63.3) 18 (36.7) 2.2 (1.0–4.9) 0.02 1.8 (0.5–6.3)
Always 23 (60.5) 15 (39.5) 2.0 (0.8–4.6) 0.06 25.4 (4.9–132.9)