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Table 6 Sex and age distribution of S. mekongi infection: results of various approaches

From: Comparison of novel and standard diagnostic tools for the detection of Schistosoma mekongi infection in Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Cambodia

Method ELISA Kato-Katz POC-CCA CAA CAA CAA
Target Antibodies Parasite eggs Circulating antigens
Sample Serum Faeces Urine Urine Serum Serum + urine
  No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Sex
 Male 68 (37.8) 15 (8.3) 39 (21.7) 71 (39.4) 65 (36.1) 80 (44.4)
 Female 62 (31.5) 9 (4.6) 40 (20.3) 75 (38.1) 57 (28.9) 83 (42.1)
Age group (years)
  ≤ 9 3 (7.5) 1 (2.5) 6 (15.0) 8 (20.0) 6 (15.0) 9 (22.5)
 10–16 44 (37.9) 2 (1.7) 25 (21.6) 56 (48.3) 53 (45.7) 64 (55.2)
 17–36 36 (39.1) 10 (10.9) 23 (25.0) 39 (42.4) 27 (29.4) 42 (45.7)
 37–50 25 (36.8) 6 (8.8) 9 (13.2) 22 (32.4) 19 (27.9) 24 (35.3)
  ≥ 51 22 (36.1) 5 (8.2) 16 (26.2) 21 (34.4) 17 (27.9) 24 (39.3)