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Table 6 Risk factors for polyparasitism (bivariate analysis)

From: Prevalence of and risk factors for malaria, filariasis, and intestinal parasites as single infections or co-infections in different settlements of Gabon, Central Africa

  IPI STH infection
Factors cOR (95% CI) P aOR (95% CI) P cOR (95% CI) P aOR (95% CI) p
Sex
 Female vs. male 1.2 (0.8–2.0) 0.4 0.7 (0.2–2.3) 0.55 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 0.29   
Age group
 5–15 years old vs. > 15 years old 0.4 (0.2–0.7) < 0.01 0.7 (0.1–5.1) 0.68 0.5 (0.2–1.1) 0.11 0.5 (0.5–2.3) 0.49
 > 15 years old vs. < 5 years old 4.2 (2.2–8.3) < 0.01 5.1 (0.4–67.5) 0.19 2.1 (0.9–5.1) 0.08 2.7 (0.9–4.4) 0.09
 < 5 years old vs. 5 – 15 years old 0.7 (0.3–1.4) 0.27 0.3 (0.04–1.6) 0.17 1.0 (0.3–2.8) 0.94   
Marital status
 Couple vs. single 0.6 (0.3–1.0) 0.07 2.7 (0.7–11.8) 0.15 0.7 (0.4–1.4) 0.34   
House
 Wood vs. brick 1.7 (0.8–3.9) 0.19 0.9 (0.2–4.7) 0.91 6.4 (1.8–41.4) < 0.01 2.9 (0.4–27.8) 0.27
Education level
 None vs. middle school 6.0 (1.7–27.8) < 0.01 2.3 (0.6–11.3) 0.30 2.3 (1.1–4.7) 0.02 2.1 (0.8–4.1) 0.18
 None vs. high school 5.0 (1.5–23.2) < 0.01 3.2 (0.1–125.6) 0.48 5.5 (1.0–102.7) 0.04 3.3 (0.7–121.1) 0.66
Occupation
 Unemployed vs. employee 1.6 (0.8–3.5) 0.19 0.5 (0.05–4.7) 0.58 6.6 (2.3–24.3) < 0.01 6.6 (0.9–16.5) 0.07
 Unemployed vs. senior manager 2.7 (1.1–6.7) 0.02 0.8 (0.08–7.4) 0.84 3.7 (1.3–14.0) 0.02 0.9 (0.06–12.9) 0.87
Regular bed net use
 No vs. yes 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.09 0.7 (0.1–2.7) 0.57 2.7 (1.1–7.3) 0.03 1.2 (0,18–7.3) 0.85
Location
 Rural area vs. suburban area 4.7 (2.4–9.3) < 0.01 4.4 (1.9–9.0) <0.01 14.1 (4.2–28.6) < 0.01 14.0 (4.1–13.5) < 0.01
 Rural area vs. urban area 2.9 (1.3–6.3) < 0.01 2.7 (1.1–5.8) 0.03 4.3 (2.6–8.9) < 0.01 3.2 (2.0–7.9) < 0.01
Drinking of river water
 Yes vs. no 4.9 (1.5–22.5) < 0.01 3.4 (0.8–10.5) 0.18 10.2 (2.9–28.5) < 0.01 8.1 (1.4–18.6) 0.03
Drinking of spring water
 Yes vs. no 4.1 (1.5–13.4) 0.01 3.1 (1.0–10.7) 0.06 5.5 (1.7–17.3) <0.01 3.6 (1.1–22.2) 0.04
Use of latrines
 Yes vs. no 2.8 (1.1–7.7) < 0.01 2.1 (0.4–11.2) 0.35 12.8 (1.5–26.7) 0,02 9.9 (0.8–13.3) 0.51
Open water body near home
 Yes vs. no 2.4 (1.2–4.7) 0.01 0.4 (0.05–2.6) 0.13 14.0 (3.9–89.3) <0.01 9.1 (1.2–17.0) 0.02
Wearing of shoes when outside
 No vs. Yes 1.8 (0.9–3.4) 0.09 0.9 (0.2–4.04) 0.9 2.7 (1.1–7.3) 0,03 1.4 (0.2–12.1) 0.76