Skip to main content

Table 6 Association between cadre of frontline workers and knowledge on management of dog bites, Greater Accra region

From: Management of dog bites by frontline service providers in primary healthcare facilities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, 2014–2015

Variable Medical doctor (%) Other Health Staff (%) cOR (95% CI) P value aOR (95% CI) P value
Detain and clinically observe any suspect for
 21 days 12 (48.0) 100 (48.8) 1.0   1.0  
 Don’t know 13 (52.0) 105 (51.2) 0.9 (0.4-2.2) 0.94 0.6 (0.2-1.8) 0.40
Rabies Pre-exposure prophylaxis (RPP)
 Ever heard 6 (24.0) 114 (55.6) 1.0   1.0  
 Never heard 19 (76.0) 91 (44.4) 0.3 (0.1-0.6) <0.01 0.2 (0.1-0.7) 0.01
RPP immunization is scheduled
 Days 0, 7 and 21 or 28 7 (28.0) 63 (30.7) 1.0   1.0  
 Don’t know 18 (72.0) 142 (69.3) 0.9 (0.3-2.2) 0.78 0.4 (0.1-1.3) 0.69
After dog bite, Clean and flush wound immediately with soap
 Yes 6 (24.0) 89 (43.4) 1.0   1.0  
 No 19 (76.0) 116 (56.6) 0.4 (0.2-1.1) 0.06 0.4 (0.1-1.3) 0.13
For any rabies wound
 Wash immediately with water and antiseptic 24 (96.0) 180 (87.4) 1.0   1.0  
 Cauterization and Suturing should be done 1 (4.0) 26 (12.6) 3.5 (0.4-26.7) 0.21 3.0 (0.1-1.7) 0.33
Suspected rabies wounds are
 Classified 15 (60.0) 181 (87.9) 1.0   1.0  
 Not classified 10 (40.0) 25 (12.1) 0.2 (0.1-0.5) <0.001 0.4 (0.1-1.7) 0.23
Number of categories
 Three 4 (16.0) 8 (3.9) 1.0   1.0  
 Don’t know 21 (84.0) 27 (96.1) 4.7 (1.3-16.9) <0.001 2.1 (0.3-15.5) 0.45
Rabid wound care
 Ever attended to case 7 (28.0) 83 (40.3) 1.0   1.0  
 Never attended to a case 18 (72.0) 123 (59.7) 0.6 (0.2-1.4) 0.23 0.9 (0.3-2.9) 0.90
  1. Bolden figures: significant at P < 0.05
  2. cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio