Skip to main content

Table 1 List and characteristics of the 44 eligible studies

From: Helminths of veterinary and zoonotic importance in Nigerian ruminants: a 46-year meta-analysis (1970–2016) of their prevalence and distribution

Year of study Region Host Type of study Method of diagnosis Sample size Cases Prev. (%) Study RN
2002 North-east G/S Farm-based Microscopy 249 126 50.60 [16]
2007 North-west C/G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 300 100 33.33 [17]
2012/2013 North-central C/G/S Farm-based Microscopy 326 298 91.41 [18]
2013/2014 North-central C/G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 2508 642 25.60 [19]
2016 North-east C Abattoir-based Microscopy 208 187 89.90 [22]
2008 North-west C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 11 804 315 2.67 [23]
2013 North-west C Abattoir-based Serology 285 69 24.21 [24]
2013 South-west C Abattoir-based Microscopy 397 163 41.06 [25]
2013 South-east G Abattoir-based Microscopy 200 185 92.50 [26]
2013 North-central G Abattoir-based Microscopy 248 183 73.79 [27]
2003/2004 North-west C/G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 76 702 61 0.08 [28]
2011 South-west C/G/S Farm-based Microscopy 1171 251 21.43 [68]
2012/2013 South-south C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 22 259 382 1.72 [69]
2012 North-west C Abattoir-based Serology 386 66 17.10 [70]
2012 North-east C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 3015 657 21.79 [71]
1973/1974 North-east C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 14 270 4524 31.70 [72]
2012/2013 North-central G/S Market-based Microscopy 1002 552 55.09 [73]
2009/2010 South-south C Abattoir-based Microscopy 251 156 62.15 [74]
2013 North-central C Farm-based Serology 686 536 78.13 [75]
2011/2012 North-west G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 300 242 80.67 [76]
2015 South-south C Abattoir-based Microscopy 514 35 6.81 [77]
2005 South-west C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 483 75 15.53 [78]
2010–2013 North-east C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 6007 288 4.79 [79]
2016 North-east C Abattoir-based Microscopy 208 62 29.81 [80]
2013 North-west C Abattoir-based Microscopy 224 62 27.68 [81]
2009 North-west C Abattoir-based Microscopy 200 30 15.00 [82]
1986 North-west C Abattoir-based Microscopy 502 156 31.08 [83]
2011 North-west C Farm-based Microscopy 1525 820 53.77 [84]
2009 South-east C/G Abattoir-based Microscopy 1138 525 46.13 [85]
1991/1992 South-west G Abattoir-based Microscopy 1080 896 82.96 [86]
2013 North-central G Abattoir-based Microscopy 248 183 73.79 [87]
2013/2014 South-west C/G/S Farm-based Microscopy 170 132 77.65 [88]
2010 North-west C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 285 5 1.75 [89]
2014 South-west G Market-based Microscopy 400 303 75.75 [90]
1985 South-east C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 942 38 4.03 [91]
1999–2002 South-east C Abattoir-based Macroscopy 25 800 6750 26.16 [92]
2010/2011 South-south G Abattoir-based Microscopy 213 161 75.59 [93]
2015 North-central C Abattoir-based Microscopy 160 55 34.38 [94]
1997–1999 North-central C Abattoir-based Microscopy 14 372 1924 13.39 [95]
1973–1975 North-east C/G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 3322 1202 36.18 [96]
2012 North-east C Abattoir-based Microscopy 350 122 34.86 [97]
2010 North-central G/S Abattoir-based Microscopy 110 59 53.64 [98]
2006 North-east G/S Abattoir-based Macroscopy 124 888 78 0.06 [99]
2011 North-central C Abattoir-based Microscopy 500 281 56.20 [100]
  1. C: Cattle; G: Goats; S: Sheep; Prev.: Prevalence; RN: Reference number