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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics (n = 498)

From: Correlates of HIV infection among transgender women in two Chinese cities

Variables Shanghai (n, %) Tianjin (n, %) Total (n, %) χ 2 P
Age group
  ≤ 30 141 (60.5) 184 (69.4) 325 (65.3) 4.36 0.11
 31–40 64 (27.5) 57 (21.5) 121 (24.3)   
  ≥ 41 28 (12.0) 24 (9.1) 52 (10.4)   
Marital status
 Single 177 (76.0) 218 (82.3) 395 (79.3) 13.53 < 0.05
 Married 27 (11.6) 29 (10.9) 56 (11.2)   
 Cohabited 16 (6.9) 2 (0.8) 18 (3.6)   
 Divorced 13 (5.6) 16 (6.0) 29 (5.8)   
Local residency
 Yes 104 (44.6) 197 (74.3) 301 (60.4) 45.76 < 0.05
 No 129 (55.4) 68 (25.7) 197 (39.6)   
Education
 ≤ 9 years 39 (16.7) 30 (11.3) 69 (13.9) 4.28 0.12
 10–12 years 71 (30.5) 74 (27.9) 145 (29.1)   
 > 13 years 123 (52.8) 161 (60.8) 284 (57.0)   
Occupation
 Unemployed 34 (14.6) 26 (9.8) 60 (12.0) 4.05 0.26
 Students 14 (6.0) 18 (6.8) 32 (6.4)   
 Full-time job 144 (61.8) 161 (60.8) 305 (61.2)   
 Part-time job 41 (17.6) 60 (22.6) 101 (20.3)   
Average monthly income (RMB)
 ≤ 3000 45 (19.3) 86 (32.5) 131 (26.3) 36.41 < 0.05
 3001–8000 142 (60.9) 169 (63.8) 311 (62.4)   
 > 8000 46 (19.7) 10 (3.8) 56 (11.2)   
Feminine dress
 Yes 152 (65.2) 185 (69.8) 337 (67.7) 1.19 0.28
 No 81 (34.8) 80 (30.2) 161 (32.3)   
Gender-related surgery (not including breast augmentation surgery)
 Yes 6 (2.6) 7 (2.6) 13 (2.6) 0.001 0.97
 No 226 (97.4) 258 (97.4) 484 (97.4)   
Hormone use
 Yes 36 (15.5) 32 (12.1) 68 (13.7) 1.2 0.27
 No 197 (84.5) 233 (87.9) 430 (86.3)