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Table 4 Univariable and multivariable analysis for risk factors associated with HIV infection among transgender women in two Chinese cities, 2016 (n = 498)

From: Correlates of HIV infection among transgender women in two Chinese cities

Variables No. of participants HIV infection rate (%) cOR (95% CI) P aOR (95% CI) P
Study sites
 Tianjin 265 3.4 1.00   1.00  
 Shanghai 233 12.4 3.46 (1.49–8.01) < 0.01 9.35 (3.89–22.49) < 0.01
Age group
  ≤ 30 325 7.1 1.00    
 31–40 121 11.6 3.88 (0.51–29.40) 0.19   
  ≥ 41 52 1.9 6.67 (0.85–52.15) 0.07   
Local residency     
 Yes 301 5.3 1.00    
 No 197 11.2 2.24 (1.15–4.38) 0.02   
Education
 > 13 years 284 6.0 1.00    
 10–12 years 145 6.9 1.16 (0.52–2.61) 0.71   
 ≤ 9 years 69 15.9 2.98(1.33–6.69) 0.01   
Buying sex in the past 3 months
 No 473 7.0 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 25 20 3.33 (1.18–9.45) 0.02 3.59 (1.00–12.87) 0.05
Selling sex in the past 3 months
 No 447 6.7 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 51 15.7 2.59 (1.12–5.99) 0.03 3.44 (1.31–9.01) 0.01
Substance use in the past 6 months
 Yes 298 5.0 1.00   1.00  
 No 200 11.5 2.45 (1.25–4.82) 0.01 5.71 (2.63–12.41) < 0.01
Ever had discrimination-related experience in hospitals
 No 239 3.8 1.00    
 Yes 259 11.2 3.22 (1.49–6.96) < 0.01