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Table 1 Socio-economic characteristics of tuberculosis patients diagnosed through active case finding (ACF) and passive case finding (PCF), Nepal, 2018

From: The role of active case finding in reducing patient incurred catastrophic costs for tuberculosis in Nepal

Patient featuresACF
N = 50
PCF
n = 49
All
n = 100
P-valuea
n (%)n (%)n (%) 
Sex
 Female18 (36)11 (22)29 (29)0.139
 Male32 (64)38 (77)70 (71)
Age group
 15–247 (14)5 (10)12 (12)0.367
 25–343 (6)10 (20)13 (13)
 35–449 (18)8 (16)17 (17)
 45–5410 (20)8 (16)18 (18)
 55–6410 (20)6 (12)16 (16)
 65+11 (22)12 (24)23 (26)
Education statusb
 No education or illiterate14 (28)18 (36)32 (32)0.536
 Literate12 (24)8 (16)20 (20)
 Basic schools20 (40)16 (32)36 (36)
 Secondary schools4 (8)6 (12)10 (10)
 Master’s1 (2)1 (1)
Occupation
 Farmer29 (58)18 (36)47 (47)0.229
 Homemaker6 (12)5 (10)11 (11)
 Others15 (30)26 (53)41 (41)
Patient as main income earner
 Yes19 (38)17 (34)36 (36)0.677
Source of drinking water
 Piped24 (48)25 (50)49 (49)0.804
 Well1 (2)2 (4)3 (3)
 Other25 (50)23 (46)48 (48)
Toilet facilities
 No toilets4 (8)3 (6)7 (7)0.936
 latrine36 (72)38 (76)74 (74)
 Public sewage4 (8)3 (6)7 (7)
 Septic tank6 (12)5 (10)11 (11)
Assetsc
 Electricity43 (86)43 (86)86 (86)1
 Radio18 (36)24 (48)42 (42)0.224
 Mobile phone42 (84)45 (90)87 (87)0.372
 Table22 (44)22 (44)44 (44)1
 Chair23 (46)25 (50)48 (48)0.689
 Bed44 (88)43 (86)87 (87)0.766
 Cupboard14 (28)17 (34)31 (31)0.517
 Clock14 (28)14 (28)28 (28)1
 Fan18 (36)18 (36)36 (36)1
 Watch20 (40)22 (44)42 (42)0.685
 Bicycle22 (44)18 (36)40 (40)0.414
 Television16 (32)19 (38)35 (35)0.529
 Livestock, small37 (74)40 (80)77 (77)0.476
 Livestock, large31 (62)28 (56)59 (59)0.542
  1. a Chi square
  2. b Literate = able to only read and write, Basic schools = primary level/lower secondary level (1 to 8 year of education)
  3. c Other assets: refrigerator, ACF – 2 (4) and PCF - 4 (8); sofa, ACF - 1 (2) and PCF - 2 (4); computer, ACF – 1 (2) and PCF – 2 (4); motorcycle, ACF 4 (8) - and PCF – 2 (4); Animal-drawn cart, ACF – 5 (10), PCF 3 (6); thresher, ACF 1 (2)