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Table 2 Glossary of terms referring to transgender women in Jiangsu Province, China

From: Identity, stigma, and HIV risk among transgender women: a qualitative study in Jiangsu Province, China

PinyinLiteralMeaningAcceptance
kua xing bie zheTransgenderPeople whose gender identity differ from the biological sex assigned to them at birthNeutral
bian xing renTranssexualTransgender women who engage in sex work, used in the title of dating appsNegative
TSTranssexualTransgender women who engage in sex work, code used in the title of dating appsNegative
yi zhuang zheCross-dresserTransgender women who engage in sex work, used in the title of dating appsNegative
CDCross-dresserTransgender women who engage in sex work, code used in the title of dating appsNegative
ren yaoShe-male/
lady boy
Humiliating term, refers to imps or goblins in ancient literatureNegative
MTFMale to femaleAbbreviations of male to femaleNeutral
hong yi renRed artistsBeautiful stage performersPositive
yao niangDrug girlTransgender women who need/use hormone therapy to maintain feminine traitsPositive
jie meiSisterA friendly reference to other transgender women, mainly used within the groupPositive