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Table 2 Sociodemographic, comorbidities and biochemical characteristics by anemiaa

From: Clinical malaria and the potential risk of anaemia among preschool-aged children: a population-based study of the 2015–2016 Malawi micronutrient survey

VariableNon-anemic
n (%)
Anemica
n (%)
P value
Sex0.5618
 Female374 (69.39)165 (30.61) 
 Male368 (71.88)144 (28.13) 
Age (months)<  0.0001
 6–1145 (46.39)52 (53.61) 
 12–23136 (61.54)85 (38.46) 
 24–35185 (71.98)72 (28.02) 
 36–47202 (76.52)62 (23.48) 
 48–59174 (82.08)38 (17.92) 
Fever in last 2 weeks<  0.0001
 Yes320 (63.37)185 (36.63) 
 No422 (77.29)124 (22.71) 
Malaria test result<  0.0001
 Positive127 (45.68)151 (54.32) 
 Negative615 (79.56)158 (20.44) 
Clinical malariab<  0.0001
 Yes123 (45.39)148 (54.61) 
 No619 (79.36)161 (20.64) 
Alpha1-Acid Glycoprotein<  0.0001
 Normal366 (82.62)77 (17.38) 
 Abnormal376 (61.84)232 (38.16) 
Serum ferritinc<  0.0001
 Normal613 (73.41)222 (26.59) 
 Abnormal129 (59.72)87 (40.28) 
G6PD3.0684
 Unaffected514 (71.09)209 (28.91) 
 Affected82 (68.91)37 (31.09) 
 Carrier116 (71.60)46 (28.40) 
Alpha-thalassemia<  0.0001
 Unaffected445 (73.07)164 (26.93) 
 Affected39 (48.75)41 (51.25) 
 Carrier223 (71.94)87 (28.06) 
Household hunger scale0.3706
 Little to none349 (71.96)136 (28.04) 
 Moderate to severe393 (69.43)173 (30.57) 
Type of place of residence0.1684
 Urban89 (76.07)28 (23.93) 
 Rural653 (69.91)281 (30.09) 
Region of residence0.6143
 North257 (69.09)115 (30.91) 
 Central277 (72.32)106 (27.68) 
Southern208 (70.27)88 (29.73) 
  1. G6PD Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
  2. aHb < 110 g/L; bdefined as an individual with malaria-related symptoms (fever [axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 °C], chills, severe malaise, headache or vomiting) at the time of examination or 1–2 days prior to the examination in the presence of a Plasmodium falciparum positive blood smear; cSerum ferritin adjusted for inflammation using internal regression approach, malaria test using a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) kit the Standard Diagnostic (SD) BIOLINE Malaria Ag P.f/Pan histamine-rich protein (HRP-II)™ RDT)