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Table 2 Physical characteristics of the anopheline larvae breeding habitats from the irrigated and non-irrigated area, in and around Arjo-Dedessa sugar development site, southwest Ethiopia (2017–2018)

From: Effects of environmental modification on the diversity and positivity of anopheline mosquito aquatic habitats at Arjo-Dedessa irrigation development site, Southwest Ethiopia

Physical characteristicsSitesTotal n (%)
Non-irrigated area n (%)Irrigated area n (%)
SubstrateMuddy54 (98.2)97 (100.0)151 (99.3)
Sandy1 (1.8)-1 (0.7)
Vegetation presenceNo21 (38.2)46 (47.4)67 (41.1)
Yes34 (61.8)51 (52.6)85 (55.9)
Vegetation type (N = 85)Emergent25 (73.5)31 (60.7)56 (65.8)
Submersed9 (26.5)8 (15.7)17 (20.0)
Floating-2 (3.9)2 (2.3)
Shaded-5 (9.8)5 (5.8)
Mixed-5 (9.8)5 (5.8)
TurbidityClear21 (38.2)23 (23.7)44 (28.9)
Turbid19 (34.6)47 (48.5)66 (43.5)
More turbid15 (27.2)26 (26.8)41 (26.9
Exposure to sunShady-1 (1.0)1 (0.7)
Partially shady2 (3.6)9 (9.3)11 (7.2)
Sunlit53 (96.4)87 (89.7)140 (92.1)
SeasonalityPermanent5 (9.1)24 (24.7)29 (19.1)
Temporal50 (89.9)73 (75.3)122 (80.3)
Land use typeShrub land2 (3.6)8 (8.2)10 (6.6)
Grassland/pasture22 (40.0)32 (32.9)54 (35.5)
Wetland/swamp24 (43.6)8 (8.2)32 (21.1)
Cultivated land/cropland6 (10.9)45 (46.4)51 (33.5)
Road1 (1.8)4 (4.1)5 (3.3)
Distance from nearby houseLess than 100 m2 (3.6)5 (5.2)7 (4.6)
Between 100 m & 200 m3 (5.5)15 (15.5)18 (11.8)
Between 200 m & 500 m33 (60.0)47 (48.2)80 (52.6)
No house with in 500 m17 (30.9)30 (31.1)47 (30.9)
  1. -: Not applicable