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Table 5 Chi-square analysis results between behavior changes and different psychological status under the epidemic of COVID-19 in China

From: Psychological status and behavior changes of the public during the COVID-19 epidemic in China

Variable State anxiety, n (%)dTrait anxiety, n (%)d Depression, n (%) Psychology abnormal, n (%)e 
Total (n = 569)No (n = 479)Yes (n = 90)P valueTotal (n = 569)No (n = 546)Yes (n = 23)P valueTotal (n = 608)No (n = 443)Yes (n = 165)P valueTotal (n = 455)No (n = 420)Yes (n = 35)P value
Behavior change 1aNever531 (93.3)444 (92.7)87 (96.7)0.166531 (93.3)510 (93.4)21 (91.3)0.975567 (93.3)415 (93.7)152 (92.1)0.496430 (94.5)398 (94.8)32 (91.4)0.656
Sometimes38 (6.7)35 (7.3)3 (3.3)38 (6.7)36 (6.6)2 (8.7)41 (6.7)28 (6.3)13 (7.9)25(5.5)22 (5.2)3 (8.6)
Same as usual0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
More than usual0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Behavior change 2bNever510 (89.6)430 (89.8)80 (88.9)0.868510 (89.6)488 (89.4)22 (95.7)0.624546 (89.8)402 (90.7)144 (87.3)0.223416 (91.4)389 (92.6)27 (77.1)0.005
Sometimes when necessary58 (10.2)48 (10.0)10 (11.1)58 (10.2)57 (10.4)1 (4.4)60 (9.9)40 (9.0)20 (12.1)38 (8.4)30 (7.1)8 (22.9)
Same as Usual0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
More than usual1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.6)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)
Preventive measures c185 (14.9)71 (14.8)14 (15.6)0.7885 (14.9)80 (14.7)5 (21.7)0.78788 (14.5)50 (11.3)38 (23.0)0.00459 (13.0)51 (12.1)8 (22.9)0.02
231 (5.5)24 (5.0)7 (7.8)31 (5.5)30 (5.5)1 (4.4)38 (6.3)26 (5.9)12 (7.3)24 (5.3)19 (4.5)5 (14.3)
3403 (70.8)340 (71.0)63 (70.0)403 (70.8)389 (71.3)14 (60.9)431 (70.9)330 (74.5)101 (61.2)333 (73.2)315 (75.0)18 (51.4)
449 (8.6)43 (9.0)6 (6.7)49 (8.6)46 (8.4)3 (13.0)50 (8.2)36 (8.1)14 (8.5)38 (8.4)34 (8.1)4 (11.4)
51 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0.0)
  1. a Behavior change 1: go out to public place
  2. b Behavior change 2: attend Spring Festival-relative activities
  3. c Preventive measures: making fewer trips outside and avoiding contact, hand hygiene, wearing a mask, taking traditional Chinese medicine and others
  4. d The age ranges of ST-AI norm results4 only includes 19–69, so we exclude 39 whose age under 18 and above 70
  5. e Among 608 valid questionnaires, 53 didn’t complete SCL-90