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Table 3 Summary statistics for potential predictors of malaria test positivity among study participants (n = 1045) from four study villages in Paletwa Township, Chin State, Myanmar (January–December 2018)

From: Predictors of malaria rapid diagnostic test positivity in a high burden area of Paletwa Township, Chin State in Western Myanmar

Description Malaria infection P-value
Positive Negative
n (%) n (%)
Age (years)
 < 5 63 34.2 121 65.8 0.780
 5–14 77 31.0 171 69.0
 15–24 69 30.1 160 69.9
 ≥ 25 116 30.2 268 69.8
Sex
 Male 185 33.2 373 66.8 0.273
 Female 140 28.7 347 71.3
Occupation**
 Unemployed 183 33.0 371 67.0 0.519
 Forest related workers 133 28.7 331 71.3
 Non-forest related workers 9 33.3 18 66.7
Education level
 ≤ Primary education 249 29.4 597 70.6 0.293
 > Primary education 76 38.2 123 61.8
Type of household
 Hut 282 28.9 695 71.1 < 0.001*
 Others 43 63.2 25 36.8
Having farm animals (cattle/pigs)
 Yes 287 29.1 700 70.9 < 0.001*
 No 38 65.5 20 34.5
Type of toilet
 Non-septic 266 27.9 687 72.1 < 0.001*
 Septic 59 64.1 33 35.9
Having fever      
 Yes 261 34.5 495 65.5 0.005*
 No 64 22.1 225 77.9  
Having episode of malaria in last year
 Yes 40 61.5 25 38.5 < 0.001*
 No 285 29.1 695 70.9  
Traveling to malaria endemic area of outside the village
Yes 19 70.4 8 29.6 0.001*
No 306 30.1 712 69.9  
Use of bed nets      
Yes 154 21.8 554 78.2 < 0.001*
No 171 50.7 166 49.3  
  1. Degree of freedom for Chi-square test = 1, **Fisher exact test, *P < 0.005, using the Bonferroni correction for multiple tests