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Table 1 the percentage changes in absolute number and EAPCs of MDR-TB incidence from 1990 to 2017 in global, sexes, SDI areas and geographic regions

From: Trends in burden of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in countries, regions, and worldwide from 1990 to 2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease study

  1999 1990–1999 2017 2000–2017
Characteristics Number
 × 103 (95% UI)
ASR/100 000
(95% UI)
Change in number (%) EAPC
(95% CI)
Number
 × 103 (95% UI)
ASR/100 000
(95% UI)
Change in
number (%)
EAPC
(95% CI)
Overall 383.50
(290.12–517.25)
6.41
(4.85–8.64)
558.06 17.63
(10.77–24.92)
432.77
(254.61–726.95)
5.55
(3.29–9.29)
8.29 − 1.37
(- 1.62 to − 1.12)
Sex         
 Male 215.27
(165.10–285.45)
7.36
(5.63–9.77)
575.03 17.89
(11.09–25.10)
240.92
(145.81–396.46)
6.17
(3.75–10.14)
7.13 − 1.58
(− 1.81 to − 1.34)
 Female 168.23
(124.10–232.42)
5.55
(4.10–7.66)
537.55 17.30
(10.36–24.67)
191.85
(109.57–334.02)
4.99
(2.86–8.66)
9.80 − 1.13
(− 1.40 to − 0.86)
SDI         
 Low 57.85
(31.12–110.89)
8.17
(4.30–16.14)
2054.73 32.73
(24.72–41.25)
121.88
(60.13–247.13)
11.23
(5.28–23.28)
90.22 1.08
(0.85–1.30)
 Low-middle 82.58
(47.27–145.63)
7.59
(4.25–13.67)
1243.54 26.40
(18.82–34.46)
145.89
(70.89–263.95)
9.32
(4.44–17.28)
61.69 0.47
(0.11–0.84)
 Middle 135.47
(87.38–194.95)
8.14
(5.26–11.8)
366.99 13.27
(6.4–20.59)
96.80
(48.14–175.83)
4.44
(2.22–8.10)
− 28.73 − 3.90
(− 4.17 to − 3.63)
 High-middle 98.64
(66.20–143.87)
7.90
(5.26–11.56)
463.10 15.79
(8.51–23.55)
64.68
(42.19–96.12)
4.12
(2.70–6.14)
− 35.78 − 4.08
(- 4.63 to − 3.54)
 High 6.05
(3.90–10.40)
0.54
(0.34–0.94)
183.49 9.29
(4.32–14.50)
2.86
(1.75–5.15)
0.22
(0.14–0.38)
− 52.36 − 6.25
(- 6.93 to − 5.57)
Regions         
 East Asia 174.58
(118.01–246.69)
13.08
(8.89–18.48)
272.72 11.31
(4.02–19.11)
35.78
(8.19–111.13)
2.22
(0.51–6.96)
− 78.58 − 10.98
(− 11.66 to − 10.29)
 South Asia 88.80
(32.12–200.49)
7.82
(2.84–17.74)
4328.87 42.85
(32.57–53.93)
216.16
(59.52–491.95)
12.96
(3.54–29.61)
112.02 1.91
(1.34–2.49)
 Southeast Asia 18.74
(9.13–47.79)
4.01
(1.98–10.04)
891.37 21.07
(11.74–31.17)
20.14
(11.97–32.22)
3.11
(1.85–4.94)
4.47 − 1.36
(− 1.60 to − 1.13)
 Central Asia 5.85
(3.87–9.25)
8.23
(5.42–12.93)
6722.47 48.26
(33.64–64.48)
15.00
(11.24–19.68)
16.14
(12.07–21.23)
112.47 1.87
(− 0.35–4.14)
 High-income Asia Pacific 1.54
(1.13–2.20)
0.71
(0.51–1.03)
254.03 10.85
(5.12–16.88)
0.77
(0.18–2.12)
0.29
(0.07–0.82)
− 50.42 − 7.30
(− 8.70 to − 5.87)
 Oceania 0.06
(0.01–0.20)
0.88
(0.18–2.77)
1528.54 28.75
(21.89–36)
0.57
(0.29–1.00)
4.80
(2.44–8.35)
710.75 9.53
(7.93–11.15)
 Australasia 0.01
(0.005–0.02)
0.05
(0.02–0.10)
61.42 3.86
(1.31–6.47)
0.04
(0.03–0.07)
0.15
(0.09–0.24)
323.96 7.54
(7.09–8.00)
 Eastern Europe 30.93
(22.15–42.10)
12.70
(9.12–17.28)
1667.60 31.15
(21.59–41.46)
41.35
(27.21–57.89)
17.64
(11.54–24.59)
21.56 1.41
(0.16–2.66)
 Western Europe 0.70
(0.59–0.81)
0.18
(0.15–0.21)
144.69 9.58
(8.21–10.97)
0.73
(0.57–0.95)
0.18
(0.14–0.23)
0.56 − 1.01
(− 1.51 to − 0.51)
 Central Europe 0.79
(0.53–1.30)
0.60
(0.39–0.97)
354.42 14.17
(6.6–22.27)
0.58
(0.39–0.82)
0.45
(0.29–0.63)
− 27.56 − 2.29
(− 3.28 to − 1.29)
 High-income North America 0.23
(0.19–0.28)
0.07
(0.05–0.08)
− 38.50 -6.28
(-7.68 to − 4.86)
0.12
(0.08–0.18)
0.03
(0.02–0.05)
− 41.23 -2.96
(− 3.33 to − 2.59)
 Andean Latin America 3.23
(1.59–5.84)
7.64
(3.76–13.79)
773.25 22.40
(18.12–26.83)
2.81
(2.05–4.19)
4.62
(3.36–6.9)
− 18.48 − 3.98
(− 4.41 to − 3.54)
 Central Latin America 1.02
(0.59–1.81)
0.62
(0.35–1.08)
2211.58 31.07
(20.52–42.54)
1.42
(0.66–2.92)
0.56
(0.26–1.15)
28.99 − 1.76
(− 2.35 to − 1.16)
 Caribbean 0.17
(0.07–0.48)
0.44
(0.17–1.22)
167.35 8.51
(4.22–12.98)
0.10
(0.04–0.23)
0.20
(0.08–0.49)
− 44.12 − 5.79
(− 7.83 to − 3.71)
 Tropical Latin America 1.40
(0.38–3.57)
0.84
(0.23–2.11)
5272.18 48.39
(39.68–57.64)
2.12
(0.48–5.78)
0.90
(0.21–2.46)
37.90 − 0.51
(− 1.42–0.41)
 Southern Latin America 0.17
(0.10–0.30)
0.32
(0.18–0.54)
511.06 19.46
(16.21–22.79)
0.11
(0.03–0.32)
0.16
(0.05–0.49)
− 40.47 − 5.83
(− 6.87 to − 4.79)
 Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa 17.55
(10.87–28.72)
8.75
(5.23–14.98)
3920.28 40.07
(29.48–51.53)
34.27
(21.73–53.29)
9.62
(6.20–14.99)
78.79 − 0.17
(− 0.70–0.35)
 Southern Sub-Saharan Africa 8.03
(4.20–17.60)
12.38
(6.47–27.75)
707.05 23.11
(22.54–23.67)
11.15
(6.21–20.66)
13.79
(7.65–25.24)
20.43 − 0.46
(− 1.86–0.96)
 Western Sub-Saharan Africa 17.21
(7.77–38.43)
8.32
(3.76–18.33)
1164.55 24.50
(17.01–32.47)
30.44
(13.54–64.69)
8.59
(3.83–18.26)
62.28 − 0.48
(− 1.02–0.06)
 North Africa
and Middle East
6.76
(4.11–10.36)
1.74
(1.06–2.67)
1760.45 33.46
(28.65–38.46)
7.10
(4.65–11.81)
1.21
(0.8–2.00)
− 2.84 − 2.56
(− 2.73 to − 2.39)
 Central Sub-Saharan Africa 5.72
(1.73–16.90)
10.17
(3.12–29.55)
673.46 18.11
(10.74–25.97)
12.01
(2.87–32.58)
12.33
(2.97–34.12)
99.63 0.65
(0.45–0.85)
  1. MDR-TB: Multidrug resistant tuberculosis; EAPC: Estimated annual percentage change; ASR: Age-standardized rate; CI Confidence interval; UI: uncertainty interval; SDI: Socio-demographic index
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