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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population per group

From: Gut microbiota signatures in Schistosoma japonicum infection-induced liver cirrhosis patients: a case–control study

Variables SLC group Control group P value
n 24 25  
Gender (male/female) 12/12 12/13 0.889
Age (years) 82.7 ± 7.3 82.3 ± 7.1 0.852
Active smoker (%) 0% 12% 0.248
Active drinker (%) 0% 20% 0.066
BMI (kg/m2) 22.4 ± 1.8 23.3 ± 2.3 0.915
Platelets (109/L) 152.3 ± 108.3 179.6 ± 59.5 0.275
PT (s) 19.4 ± 8.1 15.3 ± 1.6 0.003
Total protein (g/L) 59.5 ± 8.3 74.0 ± 4.1 < 0.001
Albumin (g/L) 31.4 ± 5.1 44.5 ± 3.8 < 0.001
Globulin (g/L) 27.7 ± 6.0 29.6 ± 4.4 0.213
TB (μmol/L) 19.8 ± 19.3 15.3 ± 5.1 0.711
DB (μmol/L) 7.9 ± 9.9 4.2 ± 1.5 0.509
AST (U/L) 32.2 ± 17.5 17.6 ± 6.6 < 0.001
ALT (U/L) 22.0 ± 16.0 22.2 ± 5.4 0.114
GGT (U/L) 61.0 ± 51.6 33.6 ± 21.5 0.024
Child–Pugh    
 A 13 / NA
 B 7 / NA
 C 4 / NA
  1. The continuous and categorical variables are listed as the mean ± SD and percentage (%), respectively. Statistical differences were determined using the Student’s t-test (parametric data) or the Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test (non-parametric data) and the χ2 test for continuous and categorical variables
  2. ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, BMI body mass index, DB direct bilirubin, GGT glutamyl transpeptidase, PT prothrombin time, SLC S. japonicum infection-induced liver cirrhosis, TB total bilirubin, NA not applicable