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Table 2 Bolivians’ knowledge of Chagas disease transmission by sex

From: Key Chagas disease missing knowledge among at-risk population in Spain affecting diagnosis and treatment

  Male % Female % P-value
Do you know how Chagas disease is transmitted?
 Yes 112 70.4 172 79.3  
 No 47 29.6 45 20.7 0.049
If so, how?a
 Vinchuca bite 103 92.0 165 95.9 0.017
 Blood transfusion 27 24.1 30 17.4 0.399
 Vertical transmission 13 11.6 20 11.6 0.725
Do you know if Chagas disease can be transmitted in Spain?
 Yes 89 56.0 83 38.3  
 No 40 25.2 93 42.9  
 Don’t know 30 18.9 41 18.9 0.001
If so, how?a
 Blood transfusion 48 53.9 43 51.8 0.020
 Vinchuca bite 30 33.7 30 36.1 0.120
 Vertical transmission 14 15.7 12 14.5 0.216
 Organ transplant 11 12.4 3 3.6 0.005
 Sexual relations 9 10.1 5 6.0 0.089
From an infected mother through breast milk?    
 Yes 49 30.8 75 34.6  
 No 69 43.4 80 36.9  
 Don’t know 41 25.8 62 28.6 0.441
  1. aMultiple choice question, answer is “yes”