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Table 1 Three major interventions implemented in project sites during 2015–2018

From: Access to quality diagnosis and rational treatment for tuberculosis: real-world evidence from China–Gates Tuberculosis Control Project Phase III

Intervention area Before (2015) After (2018)
Access to health services for SS– patients No requirement All the SS– patients receive culture or RMT
DST coverage for TB patients DST screening for MDR-TB patients amongst high-risk TB patients All the bacteriologically confirmed TB patients should receive DST
TB treatment regimens Using rational treatment regimens without DST results Use rational treatment regimens based on DST results
  1. SS– sputum smear-negative, DST drug susceptibility test, TB tuberculosis, MDR-TB multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, RMT rapid molecular tests