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  1. Tuberculosis (TB) prevention through the use of preventive treatment is a critical activity in the elimination of TB. In multiple settings, limited staffing has been identified as a barrier to managing prevent...

    Authors: Roberto Zegarra-Chapoñan, Lily Victoria Bonadonna, Courtney M. Yuen, Martha Brigida Martina-Chávez and Jhon Zeladita-Huaman
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:63
  2. A local coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case confirmed on June 11, 2020 triggered an outbreak in Beijing, China after 56 consecutive days without a newly confirmed case. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (N...

    Authors: Xiao-Li Wang, Xin Lin, Peng Yang, Zun-You Wu, Gang Li, Jennifer M. McGoogan, Zeng-Tao Jiao, Xin-Jun He, Si-Qi Li, Hong-Hao Shi, Jing-Yuan Wang, Sheng-Jie Lai, Chun Huang and Quan-Yi Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:62
  3. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), endemic in Guatemala, mostly affects poor people living in the northern region. A national control program that includes surveillance, diagnose, and treatment offered free of cost...

    Authors: Renata Mendizábal-Cabrera, Isabel Pérez, Víctor Becerril Montekio, Freddy Pérez, Erick Durán and Mei L. Trueba
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:61
  4. Recurrent infections of animal hosts with avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have posted a persistent threat. It is very important to understand the avian influenza virus distribution and characteristics in enviro...

    Authors: Hong Bo, Ye Zhang, Li-Bo Dong, Jie Dong, Xi-Yan Li, Xiang Zhao, Zi Li, Yue-Long Shu and Da-Yan Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:60
  5. Shanghai had a local outbreak of COVID-19 from January 21 to 24. Timely and precise strategies were taken to prevent further spread of the disease. We discussed and shared the experience of COVID-19 containmen...

    Authors: Ying Shi, Hong-Lin Jiang, Mei-Xia Yang, Lin-Juan Dong, Yue Chen, Yi-Biao Zhou and Qing-Wu Jiang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:58
  6. Information on the prevalence and resistance spectrum of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in China is mainly based on regional or local data. To estimate the proportion of NTM cases in China, a national surve...

    Authors: Chun-Fa Liu, Yi-Meng Song, Wen-Cong He, Dong-Xin Liu, Ping He, Jing-Jing Bao, Xin-Yang Wang, Yan-Ming Li and Yan-Lin Zhao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:59
  7. Mosquito-based arbovirus surveillance can serve as an early warning in evaluating the status of mosquito-borne virus prevalence and thus prevent local outbreaks. Although Tengchong County in Yunnan Province—wh...

    Authors: Yuan Fang, Xi-Shang Li, Wei Zhang, Jing-Bo Xue, Jia-Zhi Wang, Shou-Qin Yin, Sheng-Guo Li, Xin-He Li and Yi Zhang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:57
  8. As one of the non-pharmacological interventions to control the transmission of COVID-19, determining the quarantine duration is mainly based on the accurate estimates of the incubation period. However, patient...

    Authors: Zhi-Yao Li, Yu Zhang, Liu-Qing Peng, Rong-Rong Gao, Jia-Rui Jing, Jia-Le Wang, Bin-Zhi Ren, Jian-Guo Xu and Tong Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:56
  9. Chagas disease is endemic in Latin America and, over the last few decades, due to population movements, the disease has spread to other continents. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical in terms of improv...

    Authors: María Romay-Barja, Laura Iglesias-Rus, Teresa Boquete, Agustín Benito and Teresa Blasco-Hernández
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:55
  10. The China National Health Commission-Gates TB Project Phase III implemented a comprehensive TB control model including multiple interventions to address the burden of drug-resistant TB (DRTB). This study aims ...

    Authors: Wei-Xi Jiang, Zhi-Peng Li, Qi Zhao, Meng-Qiu Gao, Qian Long, Wei-Bing Wang, Fei Huang, Ni Wang and Sheng-Lan Tang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:54
  11. Malaria was once one of the most serious public health problems in China, with more than 30 million malaria cases annually before 1949. However, the disease burden has sharply declined and the epidemic areas h...

    Authors: Jun-Hu Chen, Jun Fen and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:51
  12. Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes an immense disease burden. Although public health countermeasures effectively controlled the epidemic in China, non-pharmaceutical interventions can neither be ...

    Authors: Sheng-Nan Lin, Jia Rui, Qiu-Ping Chen, Bin Zhao, Shan-Shan Yu, Zhuo-Yang Li, Ze-Yu Zhao, Yao Wang, Yuan-Zhao Zhu, Jing-Wen Xu, Meng Yang, Xing-Chun Liu, Tian-Long Yang, Li Luo, Bin Deng, Jie-Feng Huang…
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:53
  13. Dengue is one of the newest emerging diseases in Nepal with increasing burden and geographic spread over the years. The main objective of this study was to explore the epidemiological patterns of dengue since ...

    Authors: Komal Raj Rijal, Bipin Adhikari, Bindu Ghimire, Binod Dhungel, Uttam Raj Pyakurel, Prakash Shah, Anup Bastola, Binod Lekhak, Megha Raj Banjara, Basu Dev Pandey, Daniel M. Parker and Prakash Ghimire
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:52
  14. As a neglected cross-species parasitic disease transmitted between canines and livestock, echinococcosis remains a global public health concern with a heavy disease burden. In China, especially in the epidemic...

    Authors: Shi-Jie Yang, Ning Xiao, Jing-Zhong Li, Yu Feng, Jun-Ying Ma, Gong-Sang Quzhen, Qing Yu, Ting Zhang, Shi-Cheng Yi and Xiao-Nong Zhou
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:50
  15. Increased risk of schistosomiasis in peri-urban and urban towns is not uncommon. An epidemiological survey was carried out in the Tiko Health District (THD), an unmapped transmission focus for urogenital schis...

    Authors: Adeline Enjema Green, Judith Kuoh Anchang-Kimbi, Godlove Bunda Wepnje, Vicky Daonyle Ndassi and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:49
  16. COVID-19 has posed an enormous threat to public health around the world. Some severe and critical cases have bad prognoses and high case fatality rates, unraveling risk factors for severe COVID-19 are of signi...

    Authors: Meng-Jie Geng, Li-Ping Wang, Xiang Ren, Jian-Xing Yu, Zhao-Rui Chang, Can-Jun Zheng, Zhi-Jie An, Yu Li, Xiao-Kun Yang, Hong-Ting Zhao, Zhong-Jie Li, Guang-Xue He and Zi-Jian Feng
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:48

    The Correction to this article has been published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:81

  17. Schistosomiasis japonica is a chronic parasitic disease that seriously harms people's health. Oncomelania hupensis is the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. The micro-environmental factors surroundi...

    Authors: Mao-Mao Liu, Yun Feng and Kun Yang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:47
  18. Sexual transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) is the dominant route of HIV transmission in China. Extensive use of geosocial networking (GSN) smartphone application (app) has dramatically changed t...

    Authors: Guo-Dong Mi, Bin-Bin Zhang, Fei Yu, Xian-Long Ren, Jason J. Ong, Ya-Qi Fan, Feng-Hua Guo, Chun-Jun Li, Mian-Zhi Zhang and Min-Ying Zhang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:27
  19. Brucellosis is an infectious-allergic zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Early diagnosis is the key to preventing, treating, and controlling brucellosis. Fluorescence polarization immunoas...

    Authors: Shuai-Bing Dong, Di Xiao, Jing-Yao Liu, Hui-Mei Bi, Zun-Rong Zheng, Li-Da Wang, Xiao-Wen Yang, Guo-Zhong Tian, Hong-Yan Zhao, Dong-Ri Piao, Zhi-Feng Xing and Hai Jiang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:46
  20. The management of discharge COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA is challenging. However, there are fewer scientific dissertations about the risk of recurrent positive. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Hong Zhao, Chi Zhang, Xian-Xiang Chen, Qi Zhu, Wen-Xiang Huang, Yi-Lan Zeng, Ying-Xia Liu, Guo-Jun Li, Wei-Jun Du, Jing Yao, Jia-Wen Li, Peng Peng and Gui-Qiang Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:45
  21. Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is characterized by an excessive systemic inflammatory response and organ failure and has high mortality. Bacterial infections (BIs) worsen the clinical course of ACLF and...

    Authors: Xiao-Qin Liu, Xue-Yun Zhang, Yue Ying, Jian-Ming Zheng, Jian Sun, Wen-Hong Zhang, Ji-Ming Zhang and Yu-Xian Huang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:44
  22. Several studies have assessed the role of gut microbiota in various cirrhosis etiologies, however, none has done so in the context of Schistosoma japonicum infection in humans. We, therefore, sought to determine ...

    Authors: Qi-Feng Gui, Hui-Lin Jin, Feng Zhu, Hai-Feng Lu, Qin Zhang, Jia Xu, Yun-Mei Yang and Chi Xiao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:43
  23. The prevalence of human brucellosis in Qinghai Province of China has been increasing rapidly, with confirmed cases distributed across 31 counties. However, the epidemiology of brucellosis transmission has not ...

    Authors: Zhi-Jun Zhao, Ji-Quan Li, Li Ma, Hong-Mei Xue, Xu-Xin Yang, Yuan-Bo Zhao, Yu-Min Qin, Xiao-Wen Yang, Dong-Ri Piao, Hong-Yan Zhao, Guo-Zhong Tian, Qiang Li, Jian-Ling Wang, Guang Tian, Hai Jiang and Li-Qing Xu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:42
  24. Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that has threatened tropical and subtropical regions in recent decades. An early and targeted warning of a dengue epidemic is important for vector contr...

    Authors: Kang Liu, Ling Yin, Meng Zhang, Min Kang, Ai-Ping Deng, Qing-Lan Li and Tie Song
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:40
  25. Severe hepatosplenic complications arise in patients with chronic Schistosoma mansoni infection after heavy exposure to disease agents in endemic areas. These complications are rarely reported and, hence, underes...

    Authors: Maurice M. Nigo, Peter Odermatt, David Wully Nigo, Georgette B. Salieb-Beugelaar, Manuel Battegay and Patrick R. Hunziker
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:39
  26. Cystic echinococcosis is one of the most severe helminth zoonosis with a drastic impact on human health and livestock industry. Investigating optimal control strategy and assessing the crucial factors are esse...

    Authors: Xinmiao Rong, Meng Fan, Huaiping Zhu and Yaohui Zheng
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:38
  27. The COVID-19 has caused significant toll over the globe. Pregnant women are at risk of infection. The present study examined the frequency of washing hands with soap and wearing face mask when going out, preva...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Phoenix K. H. Mo, Bo Song, Jiang-Li Di, Feng-Rong Zhou, Juan Zhao, Ying-Lan Wu, Hong Tian, Li-Qian Qiu, Jianhong Xia, Lan Wang, Fen Li and Lin-Hong Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:37
  28. Leprosy is known to be unevenly distributed between and within countries. High risk areas or ‘hotspots’ are potential targets for preventive interventions, but the underlying epidemiologic mechanisms that enab...

    Authors: Caroline A. Bulstra, David J. Blok, Khorshed Alam, C. Ruth Butlin, Johan Chandra Roy, Bob Bowers, Peter Nicholls, Sake J. de Vlas and Jan Hendrik Richardus
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:36
  29. Water resources development promotes agricultural expansion and food security. But are these benefits offset by increased infectious disease risk? Dam construction on the Senegal River in 1986 was followed by ...

    Authors: Andrea J. Lund, David H. Rehkopf, Susanne H. Sokolow, M. Moustapha Sam, Nicolas Jouanard, Anne-Marie Schacht, Simon Senghor, Assane Fall, Gilles Riveau, Giulio A. De Leo and David Lopez-Carr
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:35
  30. Neurocysticercosis caused by Taenia solium when the parasite lodges in the central nervous system, is an important cause of human seizures and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The parasite is prevalent in many re...

    Authors: Zachary Nsadha, Chris Rutebarika, Chrisostom Ayebazibwe, Bukenya Aloys, M. Mwanja, E. Jane Poole, Elizabeth Chesang, Angela Colston, Meritxell Donadeu and Marshall W. Lightowlers
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:34
  31. It is known that ‘drop out’ from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment, the so called lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) occurs to persons enrolled in HIV care services. However, in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the ...

    Authors: Hafte Kahsay Kebede, Lillian Mwanri, Paul Ward and Hailay Abrha Gesesew
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:33
  32. World Health Organization recommends countries introducing new drug and short treatment regimen for drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) should develop and implement a system for active pharmacovigilance that a...

    Authors: Jing-Tao Gao, Juan Du, Gui-Hui Wu, Yi Pei, Meng-Qiu Gao, Leonardo Martinez, Lin Fan, Wei Chen, Li Xie, Yu Chen, Hua Wang, Long Jin, Guo-Bao Li, Pei-Lan Zong, Yu Xiong, Qian-Hong Wu…
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:32
  33. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to a significant number of mortalities worldwide. COVID-19 poses a serious threat to human...

    Authors: Zhen-Hui Lu, Chun-Li Yang, Gai-Ge Yang, Wen-Xu Pan, Li-Guang Tian, Jin-Xin Zheng, Shan Lv, Shao-Yan Zhang, Pei-Yong Zheng and Shun-Xian Zhang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:31
  34. The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has put a strain on health systems globally. Although Africa is the least affected region to date, it has the weakest health systems and an exponential ...

    Authors: Joy Luba Lomole Waya, David Ameh, Joseph Lou K. Mogga, Joseph F. Wamala and Olushayo Oluseun Olu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:30
  35. In China, an indigenously developed electronic medication monitor (EMM) was designed and used in 138 counties from three provinces. Previous studies showed positive results on accuracy, effectiveness, acceptab...

    Authors: Ni Wang, Lei Guo, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Pruthu Thekkur, Hui Zhang, Yan-Li Yuan, Xiao-Meng Wang, Xiao-Lin Wang, Miao-Miao Sun, Fei Huang and Yan-Lin Zhao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:29
  36. Coronaviruses (CoVs) are distributed worldwide and have various susceptible hosts; CoVs infecting humans are called human coronaviruses (HCoVs). Although HCoV-specific drugs are still lacking, many potent targ...

    Authors: Lan-Gui Song, Qing-Xing Xie, Hui-Lin Lao and Zhi-Yue Lv
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:28
  37. E-learning is a growing phenomenon which provides a unique opportunity to address the challenges in continuing medical education (CME). The China-Gates Foundation Tuberculosis (TB) Control Program implemented ...

    Authors: Zi-Yue Wang, Li-Jie Zhang, Yu-Hong Liu, Wei-Xi Jiang, Sheng-Lan Tang and Xiao-Yun Liu
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:23
  38. China is still faced with the public health challenge of tuberculosis (TB), and a robust surveillance system is critical for developing evidence-based TB control policies. The Tuberculosis Information Manageme...

    Authors: Wei-Xi Jiang, Fei Huang, Sheng-Lan Tang, Ni Wang, Xin Du, Hui Zhang and Yan-Lin Zhao
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:22
  39. The End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy of the World Health Organization highlights the need for patient-centered care and social protection measures that alleviate the financial hardships faced by many TB patients...

    Authors: Qian Long, Wei-Xi Jiang, Hui Zhang, Jun Cheng, Sheng-Lan Tang and Wei-Bing Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:17
  40. Social innovation has been applied increasingly to achieve social goals, including improved healthcare delivery, despite a lack of conceptual clarity and consensus on its definition. Beyond its tangible artefa...

    Authors: Lindi van Niekerk, Lenore Manderson and Dina Balabanova
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:26
  41. Echinococcosis is highly endemic in western and northern China. Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) is the most serious prevalent area. Linzhi is located in southeastern part of TAR. Dogs are the primary infection s...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Bing-Cheng Ma, Li-Ying Wang, Gongsang Quzhen and Hua-Sheng Pang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:25
  42. Antituberculosis-drug resistance is an important public health issue, and its epidemiological patterns has dramatically changed in recent decades. This study aimed to estimate the trends of multidrug-resistant...

    Authors: Ze-Jin Ou, Dan-Feng Yu, Yuan-Hao Liang, Wen-Qiao He, Yong-Zhi Li, Ya-Xian Meng, Hu-Sheng Xiong, Min-Yi Zhang, Huan He, Yu-Han Gao, Fei Wu and Qing Chen
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:24
  43. Considering the widespread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the world, it is important to understand the spatiotemporal development of the pandemic. In this study, we aimed to visualize time-...

    Authors: Ming-Fan Pang, Zuo-Ru Liang, Zhi-Da Cheng, Xin-Ping Yang, Jie-Wen Wu, Ke Lyu, Jing-Jing Xi, Zhong-Jie Li, Guo-Qing Shi, Yan-Ping Zhang, George F. Gao, Xiao-Peng Qi and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:21
  44. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination program in Tanzania started in 2000 in response to the Global program for the elimination of LF by 2020. Evidence shows a persistent LF transmission despite more than a de...

    Authors: Eliza Lupenza, Dinah B. Gasarasi and Omary M. Minzi
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:20
  45. Vaccination is crucial for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed children because of their increased risk of morbidity and mortality from various vaccine-preventable diseases. However, studies have shown ...

    Authors: Rui Shen, Ai-Ling Wang, Xiao-Ping Pan, Ya-Ping Qiao, Qian Wang, Xiao-Yan Wang, Shui-Ling Qu and Tong Zhang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:18
  46. China has made progress in tuberculosis control, but this disease remains a burden in many regions of China. We performed time-series analysis to examine changes in the rates of newly notified and newly smear-...

    Authors: Ye-Sheng Wang, Wen-Long Zhu, Tao Li, Wei Chen and Wei-Bing Wang
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:16
  47. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a sensitive and specific method for diagnosing schistosomiasis. However, this method should be performed in a laboratory, usually located distant from the sample co...

    Authors: Antje Fuss, Humphrey D. Mazigo and Andreas Mueller
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:15
  48. Despite the ubiquity of polyparasitism, its health impacts have been inadequately studied. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of polyparasitism with Schistosoma haematobium, Pl...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Ofon Vitalis Otia, Orelien Sylvain Mtopi Bopda, Calvin Bisong Ebai, Helen KuoKuo Kimbi and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji
    Citation: Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2021 10:14