Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Correction
  • Open Access

Correction to: Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern Côte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania

  • 1, 2,
  • 1, 3Email author,
  • 1,
  • 4,
  • 1, 5 and
  • 2
Infectious Diseases of Poverty20187:93

https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0476-6

  • Received: 7 August 2018
  • Accepted: 7 August 2018
  • Published:

The original article was published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty 2018 7:70

Correction

After publication of this article [1] it came to our attention that Tables 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 were presented incorrectly. The correct tables can be found below and the table citations in the article were corrected as well. The original article has been updated to reflect this change.
Table 2

Knowledge of schistosomiasis symptoms according to locality*

 

Kaédi

n = 503

Korhogo

n = 195

Total

n = 698

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Do you know about schistosomiasis symptoms?

441

87.7

143

73.3

584

83.7

 Pain during urination

154

34.9

42

29.4

196

33.6

 Low urine output

194

44.0

10

7.0

204

34.9

 Blood in stool

204

46.3

72

50.3

276

47.3

 Stomach pain

93

21.1

8

5.6

101

17.3

 a Headache

61

13.8

7

4.9

68

11.6

 Blood in urine

382

86.6

101

70.6

483

82.7

aOther symptoms

14

3.2

25

17.5

39

6.7

*Multiple choice question;a Wound on genitals, constipation; n: Number of respondents

Table 3

Population’s knowledge of schistosomiasis symptoms according to level of literacy in Korhogo and Kaédi

 

No education (%)

Arabic (%)

Primary (%)

Secondary (%)

High school (%)

P-value

Korhogo

n = 576

n = 155

n = 263

n = 343

n = 107

 

Knowledge of schistosomiasis

54 (9.4)

17 (11)

49 (18.6)

106 (30.6)

45 (42.1)

≤ 0.001 a

Knowledge of symptom d

23 (42.6)

11 (64.7)

24 (49.0)

54 (50.9)

29 (64.4)

0.856a

  Pain during urination

9 (39.1)

6 (54.4)

9 (37.5)

14 (24.6)

4 (0.05)

0.5b

  Low urine output

3 (13.0)

1 (9.1)

3 (12.5)

3 (5.3)

0 (0.0)

N/A

  Blood in stool

11 (47.8)

4 (36.4)

8 (33.3)

31 (54.4)

16 (55.2)

0.384a

  Stomach pain

0 (0.0)

1 (9.1)

2 (8.2)

3 (5.3)

1 (3.4)

N/A

  Headache

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

1 (4.2)

4 (7.0)

2 (6.9)

N/A

  Blood in urine

11 (47.8)

9 (81.8)

19 (79.2)

39 (68.4)

22 (75.9)

0.111a

  cOther symptoms

7 (30.4)

2 (18.2)

1 (4.2)

8 (14.0)

7 (24.1)

0.135b

Kaédi

n = 473

n = 472

n = 236

n = 195

n = 72

 

Knowledge of schistosomiasis

276 (58.4)

228 (48.3)

122 (51.7)

107 (54.9)

35 (48.6)

0.031 a

Knowledge of symptom d

170 (61.6)

114 (50.0)

67 (54.9)

66 (61.7)

23 (65.7)

0.441a

  Pain during urination

52 (30.6)

49 (43.0)

24 (35.8)

18 (27.3)

10 (43.5)

0.129a

  Low urine output

66 (38.8)

65 (57.0)

26 (38.8)

21 (31.8)

15 (65.2)

0.001 a

  Blood in stool

76 (44.7)

56 (49.1)

29 (43.3)

29 (43.9)

13 (56.5)

0.755a

  Stomach pain

35 (20.6)

30 (26.3)

12 (17.9)

8 (12.1)

7 (30.4)

0.151a

  Headache

28 (16.5)

22 (19.3)

6 (9.0)

2 (3.0)

3 (13.0)

0.020 b

  Blood in urine

144 (84.7)

98 (86.0)

61 (91.0)

61 (92.4)

17 (73.9)

0.146a

  cOther symptoms

8 (4.7)

3 (2.6)

3 (4.5)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

N/A

Significant P-values (< 0.05) are highlighted in bold

aP-value based on chi-square test; bP-value based on Fisher’s exact test; cWound on the reproductive organs, constipation; d Multiple choice question; n: Number of respondents

Table 4

Knowledge of transmission pathway of schistosomiasis according to locality*

 

Kaédi

n = 779

Korhogo

n = 289

Total

n = 1068

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (n)

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (%)

Do you know how schistosomiasis is transmitted?

497

63.8

188

65.1

685

64.1

 Drinking unsafe water

312

62.8

72

38.3

384

56.1

 Eating poorly washed fruits, vegetables

81

16.3

5

2.7

86

12.6

 Swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

295

59.4

124

66.0

419

61.2

 Contact with infected person

41

8.2

15

8.0

56

8.2

 Walking barefoot on infected urine

110

22.1

13

6.9

123

18.0

 Contact with dirty water

253

50.9

81

43.1

334

48.8

aOther transmission

38

7.6

22

11.7

60

8.8

 Do not know

6

1.2

2

1.1

8

1.2

*Multiple choice question; n: Number of respondents; a Avoiding contact with goat urine, wearing protective shoes, avoiding drinking hot water

Table 5

Knowledge of transmission pathways of schistosomiasis according to level of literacy in Korhogo and Kaédi*

 

No education (%)

Arabic (%)

Primary (%)

Secondary (%)

High school (%)

P-value

Korhogo

n = 26

n = 13

n = 33

n = 75

n = 38

 

 Drinking unsafe water

8 (29.6)

5 (38.5)

11 (34.4)

32 (42.1)

15 (39.5)

0.817b

 Eating poorly washed fruits, vegetables

1 (3.7)

1 (7.7)

0 (0.0)

2 (2.6)

1 (2.6)

N/A

 Swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

11 (40.7)

7 (53.8)

25 (78.1)

51 (67.1)

26 (68.4)

0.035a

 Contact with infected person

4 (14.8)

3 (23.1)

1 (3.1)

4 (5.3)

1 (2.6)

N/A

 Walking barefoot on infected urine

3 (11.1)

1 (7.7)

1 (3.1)

8 (10.59

N/A

0.217b

 Contact with dirty water

11 (40.7)

9 (69.2)

10 (31.3)

35 (46.1)

15 (39.5)

0.200a

cOther

6 (22.2)

2 (15.4)

2 (6.3)

10 (13.2)

2 (5.3)

0.230b

 Do not know

1 (3.7)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

1 (2.6)

N/A

Kaédi

n = 189

n = 136

n = 86

n = 76

n = 27

 

 Drinking unsafe water

137 (72.5)

76 (60.3)

44 (55.0)

36 (47.4)

18 (66.7)

0.001 a

 Eating poorly washed fruits, vegetables

26 (13.8)

29 (23.0)

13 (16.3)

7 (9.2)

6 (22.2)

0.073a

 Swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

79 (41.8)

82 (65.1)

56 (70.0)

59 (77.6)

18 (66.7)

< 0.001 a

 Contact with infected person

9 (4.8)

13 (10.3)

9 (11.3)

5 (6.6)

5 (19.2)

0.058a

 Walking barefoot on infected urine

45 (23.8)

31 (24.6)

13 (16.3)

9 (11.8)

12 (44.4)

0.005 a

 Contact with dirty water

85 (45.0)

73 (57.9)

42 (52.5)

36 (47.4)

16 (59.3)

0.175a

cOther

17 (9.0)

13 (10.3)

3 (3.8)

3 (3.9)

2 (7.4)

0.291b

 Do not know

3 (1.6)

1 (0.8)

0 (0.0)

2 (2.6)

0 (0.0)

N/A

Statistically significant P-values (< 0.05) are highlighted in bold

n: Number of respondents; aP-value based on chi-square test; bP-value based on Fisher’s exact test; cContact with goat urine, not wearing protective shoes, drinking hot water, exposure to sunlight; *Multiple choice question

Table 6

Knowledge of schistosomiasis prevention measures according to locality*

 

Kaédi

n = 1450

Korhogo

n = 1443

Total

n = 2893

 

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Yes (n)

Yes (%)

Do you know how to avoid schistosomiasis?

438

30.2

173

12.0

611

21.1

 Avoid eating certain foods

77

17.6

4

2.3

81

13.3

 Avoid drinking unsafe water

285

65.1

86

49.7

371

60.7

 Avoid swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

214

48.9

132

76.3

346

56.6

 Avoid urinating in water bodies

198

45.2

37

21.4

235

38.5

 Avoid defecating in water bodies

201

45.9

31

17.9

232

38.0

aOther

25

5.7

24

13.9

49

8.0

 Do not know

6

1.4

2

1.2

8

1.3

*Multiple choice question; n: Number of respondents; a Avoid contact with goat urine, wear protective shoes, avoid drinking hot water

Table 7

Knowledge of schistosomiasis prevention measures according to level of literacy in Korhogo and Kaédi*

 

No education (%)

Arabic (%)

Primary (%)

Secondary (%)

High school (%)

P-value

Korhogo

n = 23

n = 14

n = 34

n = 68

n = 33

 

 Avoid eating certain foods

0 (0.0)

2 (14.3)

1 (2.9)

1 (1.5)

0 (0.0)

N/A

 Avoid drinking unsafe water

9 (39.1)

5 (35.7)

16 (47.1)

39 (57.4)

16 (48.5)

0.430b

 Avoid swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

11 (47.8)

6 (42.9)

27 (79.4)

60 (88.2)

26 (78.8)

<  0.001 a

 Avoid urinating in water bodies

6 (26.1)

4 (28.6)

3 (8.8)

17 (25.0)

6 (18.2)

0.319b

 Avoid defecating in water bodies

3 (13.0)

1 (7.1)

2 (5.9)

18 (26.5)

6 (18.2)

0.079b

aOther

5 (21.7)

5 (35.7)

3 (8.8)

7 (10.3)

4 (12.1)

0.082b

 Do not know

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

2 (2.9)

0 (0.0)

N/A

Kaédi

n = 174

n = 106

n = 63

n = 72

n = 24

 

 Avoid eating certain foods

30 (17.2)

25 (23.6)

11 (17.5)

5 (6.9)

6 (25.0)

0.056b

 Avoid drinking unsafe water

135 (77.6)

63 (59.4)

35 (55.6)

36 (50.7)

16 (66.7)

<  0.001 a

 Avoid swimming in rivers, drains, etc.

54 (31.0)

58 (54.7)

38 (60.3)

50 (70.4)

14 (58.3)

<  0.001 a

 Avoid urinating in water bodies

76 (43.7)

60 (56.6)

24 (38.1)

26 (36.6)

12 (50.0)

0.053a

 Avoid defecating in water bodies

77 (44.3)

60 (56.6)

25 (39.7)

27 (38.0)

12 (50.0)

0.092a

cOther

8 (4.6)

8 (7.5)

5 (7.9)

2 (2.8)

2 (8.3)

0.548b

 Do not know

2 (1.2)

2 (1.9)

2 (3.2)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

N/A

Statistically significant P-values (< 0.05) are highlighted in bold

n: number of respondents; aP-value based on chi-square test; bP-value based on Fisher’s exact test; cavoiding contact with goat urine, wearing protective shoes, avoiding drinking hot water; *Multiple choice question

Notes

Declarations

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Research and Development, Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d’Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
(2)
Environment and Communication Training Unit, University Alassane Ouattara, Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire
(3)
Ethno-Sociology Institute, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
(4)
University of Nouakchott, Nouakchott, Mauritania
(5)
Institute of Agro-Pastoral Management, University Péléforo-Gbon-Coulibaly, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire

Reference

  1. d’Arc Koffi AJ, Doumbia M, Fokou G, Keita M, Koné B, Abé N’d N. Community knowledge, attitudes and practices related to schistosomiasis and associated healthcare-seeking behaviours in northern Côte d’Ivoire and southern Mauritania. Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 2018;7:70. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0453-0.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© The Author(s). 2018

Advertisement